Faculty Session Overview

Faculty for Seminar XXI include renowned social scientists from MIT and subject matter experts from other top universities and research institutes in the United States and around the globe. Past faculty members have included Michèle Flournoy, Condoleezza Rice, Bernard Lewis, Sumit Ganguly, Samuel Huntington, Sarah Chayes, John Mearsheimer, Joseph Nye, Anne-Marie Slaughter, Gerard Prunier, and James Dobbins .

Name

Rawi Abdelal
Joseph C. Wilson Professor of Business Administration, Harvard Business School

Rawi Abdelal is the Joseph C. Wilson Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School. His primary expertise is international political economy, and his research focuses on the politics of globalization and the political economy of Eurasia. Professor Abdelal is a Faculty Associate of Harvard's Weatherhead Center for International Affairs and serves on the Executive Committee of the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies. He is the head of Harvard's required, first-year MBA course, Business, Government, and the International Economy. Professor Abdelal's first book, National Purpose in the World Economy, won the 2002 Shulman Prize as the outstanding book on the international relations of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. His second book, Capital Rules, explains the evolution of the social norms and legal rules of the international financial system. Abdelal has also edited or co-edited three books: The Rules of Globalization, a collection of Harvard Business School cases on international business; Measuring Identity; and Constructing the International Economy. Abdelal is currently working on The Price of Power, a book that explores the relationships among political leadership, state-building, foreign investment, and geopolitics in the Russian energy sector.

Scott Appleby
Marilyn Keough Dean, Keough School of Global Affairs, University of Notre Dame

Scott Appleby is the Marilyn Keough Dean of Notre Dame’s Keough School of Global Affairs. From 2000-2014, he served as the Regan Director of the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies. Appleby co-directs, with Ebrahim Moosa and Atalia Omer, Contending Modernities, a major multi-year project to examine the interaction among Catholic, Muslim, and secular forces in the modern world. Appleby’s research examines the various ways in which religious movements and organizations shape, and are shaped by national, regional and global dynamics of governance, deadly conflict, international relations and economic development. He co-chaired the Chicago Council on Global Affairs’ Task Force on Religion and the Making of U.S. Foreign Policy, which released the influential report, “Engaging Religious Communities Abroad: A New Imperative for U.S. Foreign Policy.” From 1988 to 1993 Appleby was co-director of the Fundamentalism Project, an international public policy study conducted by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Appleby is the author or editor of 15 books, including the widely cited volumes of The Fundamentalism Project (co-edited with Martin E. Marty); and The Ambivalence of the Sacred: Religion, Violence and Reconciliation. Most recently, Appleby co-edited (with Atalia Omer) The Oxford Handbook on Religion, Conflict and Peacebuilding. He also serves as lead editor of the Oxford University Press series “Studies in Strategic Peacebuilding.” Other Appleby titles include Catholics in the American Century; Peacebuilding: Catholic Theology, Ethics and Praxis; and Church and Age Unite! The Modernist Impulse in American Catholicism.

Deborah Avant
Sié Chéou-Kang Chair for International Security and Diplomacy, Josef Korbel School of International Studies

Deborah Avant is the Sié Chéou-Kang Chair for International Security and Diplomacy and Director of the Sié Center at the Josef Korbel School of International Studies at the University of Denver. She is also the inaugural Editor-in-Chief of the ISA’s newly launched Journal of Global Security Studies. Her research (funded by grants from the Institute for Global Conflict and Cooperation, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Smith Richardson Foundation, and the Carnegie Corporation, among others) focuses on civil-military relations, the roles of non-state actors in security, the politics of controlling violence, and global governance. Under her leadership the Sié Chéou-Kang Center launched the Private Security Monitor, an annotated guide to regulation, data and analyses of global private military and security services, in 2012. In 2013 she was awarded an honorary doctorate from University of St. Gallen for her research and contribution toward regulating private military and security companies. Prior to joining the Josef Korbel School of International Studies, she held positions at the University of California, Irvine and George Washington University. Her publications include The Market for Force: The Consequences of Privatizing Security, Who Governs the Globe?, and The New Power Politics.

Eva Bellin
Associate Professor of Political Science, Brandeis University

Eva Bellin is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Brandeis University and a research associate at Brandeis’ Crown Center for Middle East Studies. She is a comparativist with specialization in the Middle East and North Africa. Her interests center on issues of democratization and authoritarian persistence, political and economic reform, civil society, religion and politics, and the politics of cultural change. Bellin is the author of Stalled Democracy: Capital, Labor, and the Paradox of State Sponsored Development, and is currently working on a second book, Arbitrating Identity: High Courts and the Politics of Cultural Reconciliation in Egypt, Israel, and Pakistan. She has published in a variety of venues including World Politics, Comparative Politics, Political Science Quarterly, Comparative Political Studies, World Development, Foreign Affairs, Middle East Policy, and has edited numerous books. In 2006-2008 Bellin was named a Carnegie Scholar by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, supporting her research on high courts in the Middle East and Islamic World. Bellin has served on the Editorial Board of the journal Comparative Politics since 2005.

Joel Brenner
Robert Wilhelm Fellowship, Center for International Studies, MIT, Senior Counsel, National Security Agency

Joel F. Brenner specializes in cyber and physical security, data protection and privacy, intelligence law, the administration of classified information and facilities, and the regulation of sensitive cross-border transactions. Mr. Brenner was Senior Counsel at the National Security Agency, advising Agency leadership on the public-private effort to create better security for the Internet. From 2006 until mid-2009, he was the head of U.S. counterintelligence under the Director of National Intelligence and was responsible for integrating the counterintelligence activities of the 17 departments and agencies with intelligence authorities. From 2002-2006, Mr. Brenner was NSA’s Inspector General, responsible for that agency’s top-secret internal audits and investigations. The Center for International Studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has awarded him the Robert Wilhelm Fellowship for 2014-2015. Mr. Brenner is the author of America the Vulnerable: Inside the New Threat Matrix of Digital Espionage, Crime, and Warfare and Glass Houses: Privacy, Secrecy, and Cyber Insecurity in a Transparent World.

Daniel Byman
Professor, Security Studies Program, Georgetown University, Senior Fellow, Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution

Daniel Byman is a professor in the Security Studies Program at Georgetown University’s Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service and a Senior Fellow and Director of Research at the Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution. He served as director of Georgetown's Security Studies Program and Center for Security Studies from 2005 until 2010. He also leads at Georgetown team in teaching a "Massive Open Online Course" (MOOC) on terrorism and counterterrorism for EdX. From 2002 to 2004 he served as a Professional Staff Member with the 9/11 Commission and with the Joint 9/11 Inquiry Staff of the House and Senate Intelligence Committees. Before joining the Inquiry Staff he was the Research Director of the Center for Middle East Public Policy at the RAND Corporation. Previous to this, Professor Byman worked as an analyst on the Middle East for the U.S. government. His recent publications include Al Qaeda, the Islamic State, and the Global Jihadist Movement: What Everyone Needs to Know; A High Price: The Triumphs and Failures of Israeli Counterterrorism; The Five Front War: The Better Way to Fight Global Jihad; Deadly Connections: States that Sponsor Terrorism; and Keeping the Peace: Lasting Solutions to Ethnic Conflict.

Matthew Carnes
Associate Professor, Department of Government, Georgetown University

Fr. Matthew Carnes, S.J., is an Associate Professor in the Department of Government. His research examines the dynamics of labor and social welfare policy, with particular interest in the ways societies protect their weakest and most vulnerable members: the old, the young, the ill or injured, and the unemployed. His principal regional focus is Latin America, and in recent years he has conducted extensive field research in Argentina, Peru, Chile, and Bolivia. His teaching has been highly decorated. In 2011, he was awarded the Dorothy Brown Award for Outstanding Teaching Achievement, Georgetown University’s highest teaching award, presented by the student body to the faculty member who has had the strongest impact on the students' university experience. In addition, in 2011, at the Tropaia Ceremony for Georgetown College, he was awarded the Edward B. Bunn, S.J. Award for Faculty Excellence, given by the graduating seniors in the College of Arts and Sciences. In 2012, he was featured as one of the country's best professors in the Princeton Review's publication, 300 Best Professors. And in 2013, he was chosen by students as the Faculty Member of the Year in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service.

In recent years, he has been a Visiting Fellow at the Kellogg Institute for International Studies at the University of Notre Dame (Spring 2009) and a National Fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University (Academic Year 2011-2012).

Victor Cha
Director of Asian Studies, Georgetown University

Professor Victor D. Cha is director of Asian Studies and holds the D.S. Song Chair in the Department of Government and School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. In 2009, he was named as Senior Adviser and the inaugural holder of the new Korea Chair at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, DC. He left the White House in May 2007 after serving since 2004 as Director for Asian Affairs at the National Security Council. At the White House, he was responsible primarily for Japan, the Korean peninsula, Australia/New Zealand and Pacific Island nation affairs. He is the author of five books: 1) Alignment Despite Antagonism: The United States-Korea-Japan Security Triangle (Stanford University Press) (winner of the 2000 Ohira Book Prize), 2) Nuclear North Korea: A Debate on Engagement Strategies (Columbia University Press, 2004 with Dave Kang), 3) Beyond the Final Score: The Politics of Sport in Asia (Columbia, 2009); 4) The Impossible State: North Korea, Past and Future (HarperCollins, 2012); and 5) Powerplay: Origins of the American Alliance System in Asia (Princeton University Press, forthcoming). He has written articles on international relations and East Asia in journals includingForeign AffairsInternational SecurityPolitical Science QuarterlySurvival,International Studies Quarterly, and Asian Survey.

Sarah Chayes
Senior Associate, Carnegie Endowment

Sarah Chayes is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment. Formerly special adviser to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, she is an expert in South Asia policy, kleptocracy and anti-corruption, and civil-military relations. A former reporter, she covered the fall of the Taliban for National Public Radio, then left journalism to remain in Kandahar in order to contribute to the reconstruction of the country, living there almost continuously since December 2001. After running a nongovernmental organization founded by President Karzai’s brother Qayum, Chayes launched a manufacturing cooperative that produces skin-care products for export from licit local agriculture. In 2010, Chayes became special adviser to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral Mike Mullen, contributing to strategic policy on Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Arab Spring. Chayes is author of The Punishment of Virtue: Inside Afghanistan After the Taliban, as well as numerous articles on Afghanistan in the international press.

Benjamin Cohen
Louis G. Lancaster Professor of International Political Economy, University of California

Benjamin J. Cohen is Louis G. Lancaster Professor of International Political Economy at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he has been a member of the Political Science Department since 1991.  He was educated at Columbia University, earning a PhD in Economics in 1963.  He has worked as a research economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and has taught at Princeton University and the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University.  A specialist in the political economy of international money and finance, he is the author of thirteen books, including most recently The Future of Global Currency: The Euro versus the Dollar, published in 2011.  He has won numerous awards and in 2000 was named Distinguished Scholar of the year by the International Political Economy Section of the International Studies Association.

Alex de Waal
Executive Director, World Peace Foundation; Research Professor, Tufts University

Alex de Waal is Executive Director of the World Peace Foundation and a Research Professor at Tufts University. From 2009 to 2011 he served as senior advisor to the African Union High Level Implementation Panel for Sudan. He was also program director at the Social Science Research Council, with responsibilities for research programs on humanitarian issues and HIV/AIDS and social transformation. His academic research has focused on issues of famine, conflict and human rights in Africa. He was awarded an OBE in the UK New Year’s Honors List of 2009, was on the Prospect/Foreign Policy list of 100 public intellectuals in 2008 and the Atlantic Monthly list of 27 ‘brave thinkers’ in 2009.

Alexander Downes
Associate Professor of Political Science, George Washington University

Alex Downes is an Associate Professor of Political Science at George Washington University, specializing in international security. His research interests include the causes and effectiveness of civilian victimization in warfare; the utility of foreign-imposed regime change for achieving states' goals, as well as the effects of foreign-imposed regime change on target states; and the determinants of military effectiveness. His book Targeting Civilians in War won the Joseph Lepgold Prize for best book in international relations published in 2008. The book argues that civilian victimization is a function of desperation to win and conserve on military casualties in costly and protracted wars of attrition, and the desire to eliminate actual or potential threats to control over territory in wars of territorial annexation. His work has appeared in the journals Civil Wars, International Security, Journal of Conflict Resolution, SAIS Review, and Security Studies. Downes has held fellowships at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University, the Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University, and the Olin Institute for Strategic Studies, Harvard University.

Kimberly Elliott
Senior Fellow, Center for Global Development, Visiting Fellow, Peterson Institute for International Economics (IIE)

Kimberly Elliott is a Senior Fellow at the Center for Global Development and a Visiting Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics (IIE). She is also a member of the Committee on Monitoring International Labor Standards at the National Research Council. Much of her work focuses on the uses of economic leverage in international negotiations, including both economic sanctions for foreign policy goals and trade threats and sanctions in commercial disputes, and in recent years, has turned to broader globalization issues, including the backlash against globalization, the role of developing countries in the trade system, international labor standards, and the causes and consequences of transnational corruption. Her IIE publications include: Delivering on Doha: Farm Trade and the Poor; Can Labor Standards Improve Under Globalization?; Corruption and the Global Economy; Reciprocity and Retaliation in US Trade Policy; Measuring the Costs of Protection in the United States; Economic Sanctions Reconsidered; and Auction Quotas and United States Trade Policy.

Taylor Fravel
Associate Professor of Political Science, Center for International Studies, MIT

M. Taylor Fravel is the Cecil and Ida Green Career Development Associate Professor of Political Science and member of the Security Studies Program at MIT. Taylor is a graduate of Middlebury College and Stanford University, where he received his PhD. He has been a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Olin Institute for Strategic Studies at Harvard University, a Predoctoral Fellow at the Center for International Security and Cooperation at Stanford University, a Fellow with the Princeton-Harvard China and the World Program and a Visiting Scholar at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He also has graduate degrees from the London School of Economics and Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes Scholar. In March 2010, he was named Research Associate with the National Asia Research Program launched by the National Bureau of Asian Research and the Woodrow Wilson International Center.

Francis Fukuyama
Senior Fellow, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Stanford University

Dr. Francis Fukuyama is Olivier Nomellini Senior Fellow at the Stanford University Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI), resident in FSI's Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law. Dr. Fukuyama has written widely on issues in development and international politics. His book, The End of History and the Last Man, was published byFree Press in 1992 and has appeared in over twenty foreign editions. His most recent book, Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy, was published in September 2014. Other books include America at the Crossroads: Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative LegacyOur Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution; and Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. He was a member of the Political Science Department of the RAND Corporation, and of the Policy Planning Staff of the US Department of State. He previously taught at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) of Johns Hopkins University and at George Mason University's School of Public Policy. He served as a member of the President's Council on Bioethics from 2001-2004. Dr. Fukuyama is chairman of the editorial board of The American Interest, which he helped to found in 2005. He is a senior fellow at the Johns Hopkins SAIS Foreign Policy Institute, and a non-resident fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Center for Global Development.

Sumit Ganguly
Rabindranath Tagore Chair in Indian Cultures and Civilizations, Professor of Political Science, Indiana University, Bloomington

Sumit Ganguly holds the Rabindranath Tagore Chair in Indian Cultures and Civilizations and is a Professor of Political Science at Indiana University in Bloomington. His research and writing, focused primarily on South Asia, has been supported by grants from the Asia Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York and the W. Alton Jones Foundation and the United States Institute of Peace. He serves on the editorial boards of Asian Affairs, Asian Survey, Current History, the Journal of Strategic Studies and Security Studies. He is the founding editor of both the India Review and Asian Security. Professor Ganguly is the author, editor or co-editor of a dozen books on South Asia. His most recent books are Fearful Symmetry: India and Pakistan Under the Shadow of Nuclear Weapons (co-authored with Devin Hagerty); More Than Words: U.S.-India Strategic Cooperation Into the Twenty-First Century (co-edited with Brian Shoup and Andrew Scobell); and The State of India's Democracy (with Larry Diamond and Marc Plattner).

Gregory Gause
Associate Professor and Department Chair of Political Science, University of Vermont, Director, Middle East Studies Program

Gregory Gause is an Associate Professor and Department Chair of Political Science at the University of Vermont, and Director of the University's Middle East Studies Program. Professor Gause's teaching and research interests are in international relations and Middle Eastern politics. He is the author of a number of articles and three books, The International Relations of the Persian Gulf; Oil Monarchies: Domestic and Security Challenges in the Arab Gulf States; and Saudi-Yemini Relations: Domestic Structures and Foreign Influence. His articles have appeared in Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, Security Studies, Middle East Journal, Washington Quarterly, Journal of International Affairs, Review of International Studies and in other journals and edited volumes. 

Kelly Greenhill
Associate Professor of International Relations and Security Studies, Tufts University, Research Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University

Kelly Greenhill is an Associate Professor, Tufts University, and Research Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University. Her research focuses on the use of military force and what are frequently called "new security challenges," including civil wars; the use of forced migration as a weapon; intervention and (counter-) insurgency; and international crime as a challenge to domestic governance. She previously held pre- or post-doctoral fellowships at Harvard University's Olin Institute for Strategic Studies and Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, at Stanford University's Center for International Security and Cooperation, and at Columbia University's Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies. Greenhill is the author of Weapons of Mass Migration: Forced Displacement, Coercion and Foreign Policy; which won the 2011 International Studies Association's Best Book of the Year award, and co-author and co-editor (with Peter Andreas) of Sex, Drugs and Body Counts: The Politics of Numbers in Global Crime and Conflict.

Caroline Hartzell
Professor, International Relations; Director, Globalization Studies Program, Gettysburg College

Caroline Hartzell is a professor of the Political Science Department and Director of the College's Globalization Studies program at Gettysburg College, where she teaches courses in International Relations.  Professor Hartzell’s specialization is in international political economy with an emphasis on issues of development, conflict, and globalization. Her research focuses on civil war settlements and the effects institutions, both domestic and international, have on social conflict. Hartzell was a Jennings Randolph Senior Fellow at the United States Institute of Peace in 2010-2011. In Columbia, Hartzell evaluated a USAID-funded project seeking to establish the presence of the Colombian government in post-conflict zones. In Afghanistan, she worked to help Afghan stakeholders explore options for an Afghan peace process.

Ron Hassner
Associate Professor & Co-Director, Religion, Politics and Globalization Program, University of California, Berkeley

Ron E. Hassner is associate professor of international relations and co-director of University of California, Berkeley's Religion, Politics and Globalization Program. He founded and now chairs the “Religion and International Relations” section of the International Studies Association, and is an associate editor of the journal Security Studies. He studies the role of symbols and ideas in international security with particular attention to the relationship between religion and conflict. His publications have focused on territorial disputes, religion in the military, conflicts over holy places, and the pervasive role of religion on the modern battlefield. His recent publications include Religion in the Military Worldwide; Religion on the Battlefield; and War on Sacred Grounds.

 

Bruce Hoffman
Professor of International Relations, Georgetown University, Former Vice President, RAND

Bruce Hoffman is Professor of International Relations at Georgetown University and former Vice President of The RAND Corporation’s Washington, D.C. office. He was the Founding Director of the Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland, where he chaired the Department of International Relations. Dr. Hoffman is Editor-in-Chief of the journal Studies in Conflict and Terrorism and a member of the Advisory Board of Terrorism and Political Violence. His latest book is Inside Terrorism, 2nd ed. 

Jolyon Howorth
Jean Monnet Professor of European Politics, University of Bath, Visiting Professor of Political Science, Yale University

Jolyon Howorth is Jean Monnet Professor of European Politics at the University of Bath (UK) and a Visiting Professor of Political Science at Yale (2002-2010). He is also a Senior Research Associate at the Institute Français des Relations Internationales (Paris), a Fellow of the Royal Society for the Arts (UK), Chevalier dans l’Ordre des Palmes Académiques (France), and member of the Advisory Boards of the European Institute for Public Administration (Netherlands), and the Centre for the Study of Security and Diplomacy (UK). He has published extensively in the field of European politics and history, especially in security and defense policy and transatlantic relations. His most recent books include: Security and Defence Policy in the European Union; Defending Europe: The EU, NATO and the Quest for European Autonomy, (edited with John Keeler); and European Integration and Defence: the Ultimate Challenge?

Stephen Kaplan
Associate Professor of Political Science & International Affairs, Georgetown University

Stephen B. Kaplan is an Assistant Professor of Political Science and International Affairs. Professor Kaplan's research and teaching interests focus on the frontiers of international and comparative political economy, where he specializes in the political economy of global finance and development, the rise of China in the Western Hemisphere, and Latin American politics.

Professor Kaplan joined the GWU faculty in the fall of 2010 after completing a postdoctoral research fellowship at the Niehaus Center for Globalization and Governance at Princeton University and his Ph.D at Yale University. While at Yale, Kaplan also worked as a researcher for former Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo at the Yale Center for the Study of Globalization. Prior to his doctoral studies, Professor Kaplan was a senior economic analyst at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, writing extensively on developing country economics, global financial market developments, and emerging market crises from 1998 to 2003.

Jonathan Kirshner
Professor of Government, Cornell University

Jonathan Kirshner is the Stephen and Barbara Friedman Professor of International Political Economy in the Department of Government and Director of the Reppy Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies at Cornell University.  He is the author of Currency and Coercion: The Political Economy of International Monetary Power, and Appeasing Bankers: Financial Caution on the Road to War, which won the best book award from the International Security Studies Section of the International Studies Association.  He has also edited the volumes Monetary Orders: Ambiguous Economics, Ubiquitous Politics, and Globalization and National Security; and is the co-editor (with Eric Helleiner) of the volumes The Future of the Dollar, and The Great Wall of Money: Power and Politics in China’s International Monetary Relations, as well as the multi-disciplinary book series Cornell Studies in Money.  His most recent books include Hollywood's Last Golden Age: Politics, Society and the Seventies Film in America, and American Power after the Financial Crisis.  From Cornell University Kirshner is a recipient of the Provost's Award for Distinguished Scholarship, and the Stephen and Margery Russell Distinguished Teaching Award.

Andrey Kortunov
President of the Eurasia Foundation

Andrey Kortunov is President of the Eurasia Foundation in charge of its operations in Russia, and an expert for the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Russian State Duma.  He is the President of the Information Scholarship Education Center (ISE) and a member of the Educational Board of the Open Society Institute.  He specializes in problems of international security, and focuses on the emergence of security arrangements and political systems in the states of the former Soviet Union.  Mr. Kortunov works extensively with the global academic community and is a member of numerous editorial boards, including Sreda, Higher Edication Monthly, and USA: Economics, Politics, Ideology.  He has been a syndicated columnist (Novosti) and has appeared on ABC, NBC, CBS, PBS, CNN, BBC, ITN, and CBC, as well as numerous Russian TV programs.  His major recent publications include Russia and UN Reforms, and Disintegration of the Soviet Union and US Policies.

James Kunder
Affiliated Expert, The Lugar Center, Principal, Kunder/Reali Associates

James Kunder is principal at Kunder/Reali Associates, a consulting firm specializing in international development, post-conflict reconstruction and civil-military relations. Concurrently, he serves as an Affiliated Expert at The Lugar Center, and as a member of the Executive Committee of the Modernizing Foreign Assistance Network. Kunder has extensive government and private sector experience managing international development, relief and reconstruction programs. At USAID, Kunder has served as Acting Deputy Administrator, Assistant Administrator for Asia and the Near East, Director for Relief and Reconstruction in Afghanistan, and Director of the Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance. In the private sector, Kunder was Vice President for Program Development at Save the Children Federation. He has also served as a legislative director in the U.S. House of Representatives. Prior to his service on Capitol Hill, he was on active military duty as an infantry platoon commander in the U.S. Marine Corps. He currently teaches at the U.S. Foreign Service Institute, at USAID, and at the Marine Corps University. He has authored numerous publications on international humanitarian issues, reconstruction, peacekeeping and crisis management.

Joshua Landis
Director of the Center for Middle East Studies, and Associate Professor, University of Oklahoma’s College of International Studies

Joshua Landis is Director of the Center for Middle East Studies and Associate Professor at the University of Oklahoma’s College of international Studies. He is also the President of the Syrian Studies Association. Landis writes “Syria Comment,” a daily newsletter on Syrian politics that attracts some 50,000 readers a month, and it is widely read by officials in Washington, Europe and Syria. Dr. Landis travels frequently to Washington DC to consult with government agencies and speak at think tanks. Most recently he has spoken at the Woodrow Wilson Institute, Brookings Institute, USIP, Middle East Institute, and Council on Foreign Relations. Most recently he has appeared on PBS News Hour, the Charlie Rose Show, al-Jazeera, Frontline, NPR and BBC radio, and he is frequently published in such journals as Foreign Policy, Middle East Policy, and Time Magazine. Dr. Landis most recent publications are Stay Out of Syria , and Why Asad Is Likely to Survive to 2013.

Chappell Lawson
Associate Professor of Political Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chappell Lawson is Associate Professor of Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Professor Lawson's major interests are Latin American politics, Mexican politics, democratization, political communication, political behavior, and U.S. foreign policy. His current research focuses on the relationship between citizens' political skills and the quality of democracy across a range of countries. Professor Lawson's recent books include Building the Fourth Estate: Democratization and Media Opening in Mexico, and Mexico's Pivotal Democratic Election, co-edited with Jorge Domi­nguez.

Christopher Layne
Robert M. Gates Chair in Intelligence and National Security, Professor, George Bush School of Government and Public Service, Texas A&M University

Christopher Layne holds is a University Distinguished Professor, Robert M. Gates Chair in National Security, and professor of international affairs at the Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University. His fields of interest are international relations theory, great power politics, US foreign policy, transatlantic security relations, and grand strategy. Professor Layne has written two books: The Peace of Illusions: American Grand Strategy from 1940 to the Present (Cornell University Press, 2006), and (with Bradley A. Thayer) American Empire: A Debate (Routledge, 2006). His current book project, After the Fall: International Politics, U.S. Grand Strategy, and the End of the Pax Americana, is under contract with the Yale University Press. Additionally, he has contributed extensively to the debates about international relations theory and American foreign policy in such scholarly and policy journals as International Security, International History Review, Security Studies, Journal of Strategic Studies, The National Interest, Foreign Policy, The Washington Quarterly, World Policy Journal, and Orbis. Professor Layne has been a frequent contributor to The Atlantic, The New Republic, The Nation, Financial Times, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Washington Post, and the Australian. He also is a contributin editor for The American Conservative. He is a consultant to the National Intellifence Council and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. In spring 2014, he will be a Visiting Fellow at the Nowegian Nobel Institute in Oslo.

Keir Lieber
Associate Professor of Political Science, Georgetown University's Walsh School of Foreign Service

Keir Lieber is Associate Professor of Political Science at Georgetown University’s Walsh School of Foreign Service. He specializes in international relations theory, international conflict and security, and U.S. foreign policy. He is author of War and the Engineers: The Primacy of Politics over Technology, which explores the relationship between technological change and the causes of war. His most recent articles appear in International Security and Foreign Affairs. His current book project explores the causes and consequences of U.S. nuclear weapons policy.

Herb Lin
Research Scholar, Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University, Research Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University

HERB LIN is senior research scholar for cyber policy and security at the Center for International Security and Cooperation and Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution, both at Stanford University.  His research interests relate broadly to policy-related dimensions of cybersecurity and cyberspace, and he is particularly interested in and knowledgeable about the use of offensive operations in cyberspace, especially as instruments of national policy.  In addition to his positions at Stanford University, he is Chief Scientist, Emeritus for the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, National Research Council (NRC) of the National Academies, where he served from 1990 through 2014 as study director of major projects on public policy and information technology, and Adjunct Senior Research Scholar and Senior Fellow in Cybersecurity (not in residence) at the Saltzman Institute for War and Peace Studies in the School for International and Public Affairs at Columbia University.  These studies include a 2005 study on computational biology (Catalyzing Inquiry at the Interface of Computing and Biology), a 2007 study on privacy and information technology (Engaging Privacy and Information Technology in a Digital Age), a 2007 study on cybersecurity research (Toward a Safer and More Secure Cyberspace), a 2009 study on healthcare informatics (Computational Technology for Effective Health Care: Immediate Steps and Strategic Directions), a 2009 study on offensive information warfare (Technology, Policy, Law, and Ethics Regarding U.S. Acquisition and Use of Cyberattack Capabilities), and a 2010 study on cyber deterrence (Proceedings of a Workshop on Deterring Cyberattacks: Information Strategies and Developing Options for U.S. Policy).  Prior to his NRC service, he was a professional staff member and staff scientist for the House Armed Services Committee (1986-1990), where his portfolio included defense policy and arms control issues.

Suzanne Maloney
Senior Fellow, Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution

Suzanne Maloney is a senior fellow at the Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution, where her research focuses on energy, economic reform and U.S. policy toward the Middle East. Most recently, she was a member of the State Department's Policy Planning Staff, covering Iran, Iraq, the Gulf States and broader Middle East issues. Prior to joining the government, she was the Middle East advisor at ExxonMobil Corporation, where she worked on regional business development, political risk analysis and corporate outreach and communications. Her most recent publication is Iran’s Long Reach: Iran as a Pivotal State in the Muslim World. She was the recipient of an International Affairs Fellowship at the Council on Foreign Relations and has previously served at Brookings as an Olin fellow and a Brookings research fellow.

William McCants
Fellow, Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings

William McCants is a fellow at Brookings in the Center for Middle East Policy and director of its Project on U.S. Relations with the Islamic World. He is also adjunct faculty at Johns Hopkins University and has held various government and think tank positions related to Islam, the Middle East, and terrorism. From 2009-2011, McCants served as a U.S. State Department senior adviser for countering violent extremism. He has also held positions as program manager of the Minerva Initiative for the Department of Defense; an analyst at the Institute for Defense Analyses, the Center for Naval Analyses and SAIC; and a fellow at West Point’s Combating Terrorism Center. He is the founder of Jihadica.com, an academic group blog focused on the global jihadi movement. The blog has been featured on the cover of the New York Times, and described by Wired magazine’s Danger Room as “the gold standard in militant studies.” His latest book is Founding Gods, Inventing Nations: Conquest and Culture Myths from Antiquity to Islam.

John Mearsheimer
R. Wendell Harrison Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science, University of Chicago

John Mearsheimer is the R. Wendell Harrison Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science at the University of Chicago, where he is also Co-Director of the Program on International Security Policy. Professor Mearsheimer has written extensively about security issues and international politics more generally. He has published the following books: Conventional Deterrence, which won the Edgar S. Furniss, Jr., Book Award; Liddell Hart and the Weight of History; The Tragedy of Great Power Politics, which won the Joseph Lepgold Book Prize; and The Israeli Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy, with Stephen Walt. He has also written many articles that have appeared in academic journals like International Security, and popular magazines like The Atlantic Monthly, and a number of op-ed pieces for The New York Times dealing with topics like Bosnia, nuclear proliferation, American policy towards India, and the failure of Arab-Israeli peace efforts. His current work focuses on nationalism and international relations.

Andrew Moravcsik
Professor of Politics and International Affairs, Woodrow Wilson School, Director, European Union Program, Princeton University

Andrew Moravcsik is Professor of Politics and International Affairs at the Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University, where he is Director of the European Union Program. Previously, he held similar positions at Harvard for over a decade. His areas of research include European integration, transatlantic relations, defense-industrial policy, international political economy, international human rights, historical methods, and Asian regionalism, which he researched in Shanghai during the 2007-8 academic year. The American Historical Review called his history of the EU, The Choice for Europe, "the leading work in the field." He is Non-Resident Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution, Contributing Editor at Newsweek magazine, and Book Review Editor (Europe) at Foreign Affairs magazine. He has served in various policy positions, including as a Trade Negotiator for the US government in Washington, and as Special Assistant to the Deputy Prime Minister of South Korea in Seoul.

Vipin Narang
Associate Professor, MIT

Vipin Narang is a Mitsui Career Development Associate Professor of Political Science at MIT and a member of MIT’s Security Studies Program. He has been a fellow at Harvard University’s Olin Institute for Strategic Studies, a predoctoral fellow at Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, and a Stanton junior faculty fellow at Stanford University’s Center for International Security and Cooperation. His research interests include nuclear proliferation and strategy, South Asian security, and general security studies. His first book Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era on the deterrence strategies of regional nuclear powers won the 2015 ISA International Security Studies Section Best Book Award. He is currently working on his second book, Strategies of Nuclear Proliferation, which explores how states pursue nuclear weapons.  His work has been published in several journals including International Security, Journal of Conflict Resolution, The Washington Quarterly, and International Organization.

Andrew Natsios
Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University

Andrew Natsios serves on the faculty of the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. From 2001 to 2005, he was the Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Previously, Mr. Natsios served as Director of the Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance and as Assistant Administrator for the Bureau for Food and Humanitarian Assistance (now the Bureau for Humanitarian Response), and Vice President of World Vision. He is a graduate of Georgetown University and Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government. He has written numerous articles on foreign policy and humanitarian emergencies and two books: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1997), and The Great North Korean Famine (U.S. Institute of Peace, 2001).

Kenneth Oye
Director, Political Economy and Technology Program, MIT

Kenneth Oye is Director of the Political Economy and Technology Program at MIT. Professor Oye's research areas include international political economy, American foreign policy, and international relations theory. His books include Economic Discrimination and Political Exchange: World Political Economy in the 1930s and 1980s; Eagle in a New World: American Grand Strategy in the Post-Cold War Era; and Cooperation under Anarchy. His short pieces include chapters and articles for the Institute for International Economics, World Politics, and the Journal of Theoretical Politics. He has taught at Harvard University, Princeton University, and Swarthmore College, has been a Guest Scholar at the Brookings Institution, and has served on the Advisory Committee to the Export-Import Bank. Between 1997 and 1999, he served as Director of Seminar XXI.

Stewart Patrick
Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations, Director, Program on International Institutions and Global Governance

Suzanne Maloney is a senior fellow at the Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution, where her research focuses on energy, economic reform and U.S. policy toward the Middle East. Most recently, she was a member of the State Department's Policy Planning Staff, covering Iran, Iraq, the Gulf States and broader Middle East issues. Prior to joining the government, she was the Middle East advisor at ExxonMobil Corporation, where she worked on regional business development, political risk analysis and corporate outreach and communications. Her most recent publication is Iran’s Long Reach: Iran as a Pivotal State in the Muslim World. She was the recipient of an International Affairs Fellowship at the Council on Foreign Relations and has previously served at Brookings as an Olin fellow and a Brookings research fellow.

Daryl Press
Associate Professor of Government, Dartmouth College

Daryl Press is Associate Professor of Government at Dartmouth College. His research focuses on international security and U.S. foreign policy. Dr. Press has written on crisis decision making, the sources of credibility in international politics, the effects of technological change on the future conduct of war, the effects of war on the globalized economy, and U.S. foreign policy alternatives. His recent publications include, “The End of MAD? The Nuclear Dimension of U.S. Primacy,” with Keir Lieber, which appeared in Foreign Affairs; “The Rise of U.S. Nuclear Supremacy,” in Foreign Affairs; and Calculating Credibility: How Leaders Assess Military Threat. His current research centers on the consequences for the Middle East of Iranian nuclear weapons. He has made numerous radio and television appearances, including WBUR’s “On Point” and the BBC’s “The World.”

Gerard Prunier
Independent Consultant on Eastern and Central African Affairs, Former Director of the French Center for Ethiopian Studies, Addis-Ababa

Gerard Prunier is an Independent Consultant on Eastern and Central African affairs and former Director of the French Center for Ethiopian Studies in Addis-Ababa. He received his Ph.D. in African History from the University of Paris in 1981 and joined the Centre National de la Recherché Scientifique in Paris in 1984. Dr. Prunier has done extensive research on Eastern Africa and the Horn of Africa, publishing approximately 120 articles and five books over the past 18 years. He was a key figure in the French Ministry Defense’s crisis unit in Rwanda, which oversaw France’s intervention in Rwanda in Operation Turquoise. His latest publications are The Rwanda Crisis: History of the Genocide; From Genocide to Continental War: The Congolese Conflict and the Crisis of Contemporary Africa; and Darfur: The Ambiguous Genocide.

Robert Ross
Professor of Political Science, Boston College , Research Associate at the Fairbanks East Asian Center, Harvard University

Robert Ross is Professor of Political Science at Boston College and a Research Associate at the Fairbanks East Asian Center at Harvard University. His research focuses on Chinese foreign and defense policy, with an emphasis on Chinese use of force and deterrence strategies, China’s security policy in East Asia, and U.S.-China relations. His current research project examines deterrence dynamics in the Taiwan Strait, the Korean Peninsula, and the South China Sea, and Chinese-American naval competition in East Asia. His books include U.S. China Relations, 1955-1971: A Reexamination of Cold War Conflict and Cooperation; Engaging China: The Management of an Emerging Power; The Great Wall and Empty Fortress: China's Search for Security, with Andrew Nathan with Zhu Feng, eds.; China’s Ascent: Power, Security, and the Future of International Politics; and Chinese Security Policy: Structure, Power, and Politics.

Natan Sachs
Fellow, Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution

Natan Sachs is a fellow in the Center for Middle East Policy at Brookings. His work focuses on Israeli foreign policy, domestic politics, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and U.S.-Israeli relations. He is currently writing a book on Israeli grand strategy and its domestic origins. Sachs has taught on the Arab-Israeli conflict at Georgetown University's Department of Government, and research design for the Security Studies Program at Georgetown. Previously, Sachs was a Fulbright fellow in Indonesia, where his research included an empirical study of the behavioral effects of Islamic and national identities. He was subsequently a Hewlett fellow at Stanford’s Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law.

Richard Samuels
Ford International Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for International Studies, MIT

Richard Samuels is Ford International Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for International Studies at MIT. He is also the Founding Director of the MIT Japan Program. In 2001, he became Chairman of the Japan-US Friendship Commission, an independent, Federal grant-making agency that supports Japanese studies and policy-oriented research in the United States. Dr. Samuels' most recent book is Securing Japan: Tokyo's Grand Strategy and the Future of East Asia. Some of his previous books are: Machiavelli's Children: Leaders and Their Legacies in Italy and Japan, a comparative political and economic history of political leadership in Italy and Japan, which received the 2004 Marraro prize from the Society for Italian Historical Studies, and the 2004 Jervis-Schroeder Prize of the American Political Science Association; Rich Nation, Strong Army: National Security and the Technological Transformation of Japan, winner of the 1996 John Whitney Hall Prize; The Business of the Japanese State: Energy Markets in Comparative and Historical Perspective; and Politics of Regional Policy in Japan

Ben Ross Schneider
Professor, Political Science, MIT

Ben Ross Schneider is a Professor of Political Science at MIT, and his research interests fall within the general fields of comparative politics, political economy, and Latin American politics. His books include Politics within the State: Elite Bureaucrats and Industrial Policy in Authoritarian Brazil, Business and the State in Developing Countries, Reinventing Leviathan: The Politics of Administrative Reform in Developing Countries, and Business Politics and the State in 20th Century Latin America. He also has written on topics such as economic reform, democratization, technocracy, the developmental state, business groups, and comparative bureaucracy.

Adam Segal
Maurice R. Greenberg Senior Fellow in China Studies, Council on Foreign Relations

Adam Segal is the Maurice R. Greenberg Senior Fellow in China Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations. He is an expert on Chinese domestic politics, technology development, foreign policy, and security issues. Dr. Segal currently leads the Council on Foreign Relations study group on Asian innovation and technological entrepreneurship. He previously served as Project Director for a Council Independent Task Force on Chinese military modernization. Dr. Segal’s most recent publication is Digital Dragon: High-Technology Enterprises in China, in additional to articles for The New York Times, Foreign Affairs, The Los Angeles Times, and The Washington Quarterly.

Emma Sky
Director, Yale University World Fellows, Senior Fellow, Jackson Institute for Global Affairs

Emma Sky is Director of Yale World Fellows and a Senior Fellow at the Jackson Institute for Global Affairs, where she teaches Middle East politics. She is the author of The Unraveling: High Hopes and Missed Opportunities in Iraq. Emma served as advisor to the Commanding General of US Forces in Iraq from 2007-2010; as advisor to the Commander of NATO’s International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan in 2006; as advisor to the US Security Co-ordinator for the Middle East Peace Process in 2005; and as Governorate Co-ordinator of Kirkuk for the Coalition Provisional Authority, 2003-2004. Prior to that, Emma worked in the Palestinian territories for a decade, managing projects to develop Palestinian institutions; and to promote co-existence between Israelis and Palestinians. In addition, Emma has provided technical assistance on poverty elimination, human rights, justice public administration reform, security sector reform, and conflict resolution in the Middle East, South Asia and Africa. Emma has published numerous articles including in the New York Times, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, Politico, Atlantic, Slate, Survival, Center for a New American Security, US Institute of Peace, the Guardian, and the Journal of the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies.

Jomo Kwame Sundaram
Assistant Secretary-General on Economic Development, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations

Jomo Kwame Sundaram is the Assistant Secretary-General on Economic Development in the Department of Economic and Social Affairs at the United Nations. He was formerly Professor in the Applied Economics Department at the University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur. He is Founder and Chair of IDEAs, or International Development Economics Associates. He served on the Advisory Board of the United Nations Research Institute on Social Development (UNRISD). He was President of the Malaysian Social Science Association, and also served on the Pro-tem Committee of the Asian Social Science Association (1980-1984) and the Executive Committee of the International Peace Research Association. Jomo’s extensive writings have covered industrial policy, privatization, rent-seeking, cronyism, financial liberalization, macroeconomic policy impacts, economic distribution, ethnic relations, Islam and Malaysian history. His most recent books include Malaysia’s Political Economy: Politics, Patronage and Profits; Tigers in Trouble: Financial Governance, Liberalization and Crises in East Asia; Rents, Rent-Seeking and Economic Development: Theory and the Asian Evidence; Malaysian Eclipse: Economic Crisis and Recovery; Globalization Versus Development: Heterodox Perspectives; Southeast Asia’s Industrialization: Industrial Policy, Capabilities and Sustainability; Southeast Asia’s Paper Tigers: From Miracle To Debacle And Beyond; Chinese Capitalism in Southeast Asia; and After The Storm: Crisis, Recovery and Sustaining Development in East Asia. 

Caitlin Talmadge
Assistant Professor, Elliott School of International Affairs

Caitlin Talmadge is Assistant Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University. Her research focuses on civil-military relations, military effectiveness, defense policy, nuclear strategy, and Persian Gulf security issues. Dr. Talmadge previously worked at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. She also has previously served as a consultant to the Office of Net Assessment at the U.S. Department of Defense and was named a Next Generation National Security Leader by the Center for a New American Security in 2009. Dr. Talmadge is the author of The Dictator’s Army: Battlefield Effectiveness in Authoritarian Regimes and co-author of U.S. Defense Politics: the Origins of Security Policy. Her other writings have appeared in International Security, Security Studies, The Journal of Conflict Resolution, The Non-Proliferation Review, The Washington Quarterly, The New York Times, and The Washington Post, among other outlets.

Ömer Taşpınar
Professor, U.S. National War College, Director of the Turkey Project, Brookings Institution

Ömer Taşpınar is professor of National Security Strategy at the U.S. National War College and the director of the Turkey Project at the Brookings Institution. Taspinar was previously an assistant professor in the European studies department of the Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), where he is still teaching as adjunct professor. He has held consulting positions at the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Human Rights in Washington, and at the strategic planning department of TOFAS-FIAT in Istanbul. His research focuses on Turkey-EU and Turkish-American relations; European politics; transatlantic relations; Muslims in Europe; Islamic radicalism; human development in the Islamic world; and American foreign policy in the Middle East. Taşpınar is the author of two books: Political Islam and Kurdish Nationalism in Turkey (Routledge, 2005) and Fighting Radicalism with Human Development: Freedom, Education and Growth in the Islamic World (Brookings Press, 2006). Some of his recent publications include: "New Parameters in U.S.-German-Turkish Relations" (AICGS, February 2005); "The Anatomy of Anti-Americanism in Turkey" (Insight Turkey, July-August 2005); "Turkey’s European Quest" (Brookings Analysis Paper, September 2004); "Europe’s Muslim Street" (Foreign Policy, March-April 2003); "An Uneven Fit: The Turkish Model and the Arab World" (Brookings Analysis Paper, August 2003).

James Walsh
Research Associate, Security Studies Program, Center for International Studies, MIT

James Walsh is an expert in international security and a Research Associate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Security Studies Program (SSP). His research and writings focus on international security, and in particular, topics involving nuclear weapons and terrorism. He is one of a handful of Americans who has traveled to both Iran and North Korea for talks with officials about nuclear issues. He acts as terrorism consultant for the NBC affiliate in Boston (WHDH, Ch 7), served as Iraq War analyst for WGBH (PBS, Boston), and regularly appears on Fox, CNN, NPR, and the BBC (over 500 appearances since 2001). The British newspaper, The Independent, named Dr. Walsh and his co-authors as having offered one of the 10 best and original ideas of 2008. He was Executive Director of the Managing the Atom project at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government and a visiting scholar at the Center for Global Security Research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. His recent publications include “Egypt’s Nuclear Future: Proliferation or Restraint?” in Forecasting Proliferation; and “Sanctions Can’t Be the Centerpiece,” in Room for Debate.

Frederic Wehrey
Senior Associate, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Frederic Wehrey is a senior associate in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He focuses on security affairs, civil-military relations, and identity politics in North Africa and the Gulf. Prior to joining Carnegie, he was a senior policy analyst at the RAND Corporation. Wehrey is also a twenty-year veteran of the active and reserve components of the U.S. Air Force, with tours across North Africa and the Middle East, including Iraq, where he earned the Bronze Star in 2003. He is the author of a book exploring Sunni-Shi’a relations in Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait, entitled Sectarian Politics in the Gulf: From the Iraq War to the Arab Uprisings. His most recent Carnegie publications include U.S.-Arab Counterterrorism Cooperation in a Region Ripe for Extremism with Michele Dunne (2014), Ending Libya’s Civil War: Reconciling Politics, Rebuilding Security (2014), and A New U.S. Approach to Gulf Security (2014).

Edward You
Supervisory Special Agent, FBI Weapons of Mass Destruction Directorate

Edward You is a Supervisory Special Agent in the FBI's Weapons of Mass Destruction Directorate, Countermeasures Unit, Bioterrorism Prevention Program. Mr. You is responsible for creating programs and activities to coordinate and improve FBI and interagency efforts to identify, assess, and respond to potential intentional biological threats or incidents. These efforts include expanding FBI outreach to the Biological Sciences community to address biosecurity. Before transferring to the Weapons of Mass Destruction Directorate, Mr. You was a member of the FBI Joint Terrorism Task Force in Los Angeles for four years. Mr. You has also been directly involved in policy-making efforst with a focus on biosecurity. He is an ex officio member of the National Security Advisory COard for Ciosecurity; is an active Working Group member of the National Security Council Interagency Policy Committee on Countering Biological Threats; and was an FBI representative on the Executive Order Working Group on Strengthening Laboratory Biosecurity in the United States. Prior to joining the FBI, Mr. You worked for five years in graduate research on human gene therapy at the Univeristy of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine. He subsequently worked for three years at the biotechnology firm AMGEN Inc. developing cancer therapeutics.

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Stephen Cohen
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy Studies Program, Brookings Institution

Stephen Cohen is Senior Fellow in the Foreign Policy Studies Program of the Brookings Institution. He is also Adjunct Professor at the Nitze School of Advanced International Studies and a member of the National Academy of Science's Committee on International Security and Arms Control. Professor Cohen's many books include India: Emerging Power; The Pakistan Army; The Indian Army; and The Idea of Pakistan. His latest publications are Four Crises and a Peace Process: American Engagement in South Asia, with P.R. Chari and Pervaiz I. Cheema, and Arming without Aiming: India’s Military Modernization, with Sunil Dasgupta. 

James Dobbins
Director, International Security and Defense Policy Center, RAND Corporation

James Dobbins is the Director of the International Security and Defense Policy Center at RAND. His areas of expertise include: Iraq, Afghanistan, the Balkans, Europe, U.S. Foreign Relations, NATO, and trends and issues in international security. Dr. Dobbins is a veteran diplomat who has held senior White House and State Department positions under four presidents, and most recently served as the Bush Administration's special envoy for Afghanistan. His publications include: After the Taliban: Nation Building in Afghanistan; The Effect of Terrorist Attacks in Spain on Transatlantic Cooperation in the War on Terror; Stabilization and Reconstruction Civilian Management Act of 2004; The UN’s Role in Nation-Building: from the Congo to Iraq; The Beginner’s Guide to Nation-Building; Occupying Iraq: A History of the Coalition Provisional Authority; and After the Taliban.

Nicholas Eberstadt
Senior Adviser to the National Board of Asian Research, Member of the visiting committee, Harvard School of Public Health

Nicholas Eberstadt, a political economist and a demographer by training, is also a senior adviser to the National Board of Asian Research, a member of the visiting committee at the Harvard School of Public Health, and a member of the Global Leadership Council at the World Economic Forum. He researches and writes extensively on economic development, foreign aid, global health, demographics, and poverty. He is the author of numerous monographs and articles on North and South Korea, East Asia, and countries of the former Soviet Union. His books range from The End of North Korea to The Poverty of the Poverty Rate.

Kevin Gallagher
Associate Professor, Boston University

Kevin P. Gallagher is Associate Professor of International Relations at Boston University who specializes in economic development, trade and investment policy, international environmental policy, and Latin America. He is the author of “The Dragon in the Room: China and the Future of Latin American Industrialization” (with Roberto Porzecanski), “The Enclave Economy: Foreign Investment and Sustainable Development in Mexico’s Silicon Valley” (with Lyuba Zarsky), and “Free Trade and the Environment: Mexico, NAFTA, and Beyond.” Gallagher has edited or co-edited a number of books, including “Rethinking Foreign Investment for Sustainable Development: Lessons from Latin America” (with Daniel Chudnovsky) and “Putting Development First: the Importance of Policy Space in the WTO and IFIs.” Gallagher is the coordinator of Boston University’s Global Development Policy Program. He is a faculty fellow at BU’s Frederick S. Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer-Range Future where he leads the Global Economic Governance Initiative. Gallagher is also a research associate at the Global Development and Environment Institute of Tufts University and at the Political Economy Research Institute of the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He has served as a visiting or adjunct professor at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University; Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government; El Colegio de Mexico in Mexico; Tsinghua University in China; and the Center for the Study of State and Society in Argentina. Gallagher is co-editor of the Review of International Political Economy. In 2009, he served on the investment subcommittee of the US Department of State’s Advisory Committee on International Economic Policy. He currently serves on the National Advisory Committee to the North American Free Trade Agreement at the US Environmental Protection Agency and as a member of the Inter-American Dialogue’s China and Latin America Working Group. Professor Gallagher writes regular columns on global economic and development policy for The Guardian, Financial Times, and Al-Jazeera. He co-chairs the Triple Crisis blog.

Thomas Homer-Dixon
Chair, Centre for International Governance Innovation, Global Systems at the Balsillie School of International Affairs , Professor, Centre for Environment and Business, University of Waterloo

Thomas Homer-Dixon holds the Centre for International Governance Innovation Chair of Global Systems at the Balsillie School of International Affairs in Waterloo, Canada, and is a Professor in the Centre for Environment and Business in the Faculty of Environment, University of Waterloo. Recently, his research has focused on threats to global security in the 21st century and on how societies adapt to complex economic, ecological, and technological change. His books include The Upside of Down: Catastrophe, Creativity, and the Renewal of Civilization, which won the 2006 National Business Book Award; The Ingenuity Gap, which won the 2001 Governor General's Non-fiction Award; and Environment, Scarcity, and Violence, which won the Caldwell Prize of the American Political Science Association.

Donald Horowitz
James B. Duke Professor of Law and Political Science, Duke University

Donald Horowitz is the James B. Duke Professor of Law and Political Science at Duke University. He has been a Visiting Professor at the University of Chicago Law School and the Central European University; as well as a Visiting Fellow at Wolfson College, at the Law Faculty of the University of Canterbury, and at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. In 2009, he was presented with the Distinguished Scholar Award of the Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration Section of the International Studies Association. His recent published books include: Ethnic Groups in Conflict; A Democratic South Africa? Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society; The Deadly Ethnic Riot; and Indonesia's Path to Constitutional Democracy, to be published in 2012.

Lise Howard
Associate Professor, Georgetown University

Lise Howard is an Associate Professor in the Department of Government at Georgetown University. She has served as a Jennings Randolph Senior Fellow at the U.S. Institute of Peace, and was the founding director of the Master of Arts Program in Conflict Resolution at Georgetown. Dr. Howard's research and teaching interests span the fields of international relations, comparative politics, and conflict resolution. Her work focuses on civil wars, peacekeeping, U.S. foreign policy, and area studies of the Balkans and sub-Saharan Africa. She has published several articles and book chapters on these topics. Her book, UN Peacekeeping in Civil Wars, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2008, and it won the 2010 Book Award from the Academic Council on the UN System (ACUNS) for the best book on the UN system published in the previous three years. She is currently working on several projects about U.S. foreign policy in ethnic conflict, the use of force in UN peacekeeping operations, and norms of civil war termination.

Terry Karl
Professor of Political Science, William and Gretchen Kimball University Fellow, Stanford University, Senior Fellow of the Stanford Institute for International Studies

Terry Karl is Professor of Political Science, William and Gretchen Kimball University Fellow, and Senior Fellow of the Stanford Institute for International Studies. Dr. Karl was educated at Stanford University, where she received her BA, MA and Ph.D. with distinction, and where she returned to teach in 1987. Dr. Karl has published widely on comparative politics and international relations, with special emphasis on the politics of oil-exporting countries, transitions to democracy, problems of inequality, human rights and civil wars, and contemporary Latin American politics. Dr. Karl's many books include: The Paradox of Plenty: Oil Booms and Petro-States; The Limits to Competition (co-authored with members of the Group of Lisbon of the European Commission); Oil and Conflict (with Mary Kaldor); and a monograph on ending impunity, centering on the trial of Romagoza et al versus General Garcia et al, the first successful jury trial of war criminals in the US.

James Lewis
Senior Fellow and Director, Technology and Public Policy Program, CSIS

James Lewis is a senior fellow and director of the Technology and Public Policy Program at CSIS, where he focuses on technology, national security, and the international economy. Before joining CSIS, he worked in the federal government as a foreign service officer and as a member of the senior executive service. His assignments involved Asian regional security, military intervention and insurgency, conventional arms negotiations, technology transfer, sanctions, Internet policy, and military space programs. Lewis has authored numerous CSIS publications with the theme of how government policies adjust to technological innovation. They include Building an Information Technology Industry in China: National Strategy, Global Markets; Foreign Influence on Software: Risks and Recourse; Waiting for Sputnik: Basic Research and Strategic Competition; Globalization and National Security; Spectrum Management for the 21st Century; Assessing the Risk of Cyber Terrorism; and Preserving America’s Strength in Satellite Technology.

Roy Licklider
Professor of Political Science, Rutgers

Roy Licklider, Professor of Political Science, received his B.A. from Boston University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in international relations from Yale. He taught at Tougaloo College before coming to Rutgers in l968. He has taught courses in international relations, foreign and military policy, terrorism, research design, international political economy, and the comparative politics of higher education. His early research was concerned with nuclear strategy, comparative foreign policy, and the impact of economic sanctions on foreign policy, particularly the Arab oil embargo of 1973-74. His recent research has focused on how people who have been killing one another in civil wars with considerable skill and enthusiasm can sometimes—but more often than you might think—form working political communities. He is Adjunct Research Scholar at the Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies at Columbia and has taught at Princeton and Yale. He has been a member of the Inter-University Consortium for Foreign Policy Research and the University Seminar on Reconciliation at Columbia University, President of the Comparative Foreign Policy Section of the International Studies Association, Program Officer at the Exxon Education Foundation, and consultant for the Political Instability Task Force at Science Applications International Corporation.

Marc Lynch
Associate Professor of Political Science, George Washington University and the Elliott School of International Affairs

Marc Lynch is Associate Professor of Political Science at George Washington University and the Elliott School of International Affairs. He received his Ph.D. in 1997 from Cornell University and his BA from Duke University in 1990. He works on international politics, with a specialty on the Middle East. His current research interests focus on the relationship between new media technologies and Islamist movements, public diplomacy, and Arab public opinion. He also runs the popular Middle East politics blog, Abu Aardvark. He is the author of State Interests and Public Spheres: The International Politics of Jordan's Identity, and Voices of the New Arab Public: Iraq, al-Jazeera, and Middle East Politics Today

Malik Mufti
Professor of International Relations in the Middle East, Tufts University

Malik Mufti is a Professor of International Relations in the Middle East at Tufts University. He is the author of Sovereign Creations: Pan-Arabism and Political Order in Syria and Iraq; and Daring and Caution in Turkish Strategic Culture: Republic at Sea; “Jihad as Statecraft: Ibn Khaldun on the Conduct of War and Empire;” and “The Many-Colored Cloak: Evolving Conceptions of Democracy in Islamic Political Thought." His current projects include a study of Ibn Khaldun's concept of asabiyya, and a larger research project on realpolitik in Islamic political thought. He is also a recipient of the Lillian and Joseph Leibner Award for Distinguished Teaching and Advising.

Roland Paris
Associate Professor, University of Ottawa

Roland Paris is University Research Chair in International Security and Governance at the University of Ottawa, founding Director of the Centre for International Policy Studies, and Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs. His research interests are in the fields of international security, international governance and foreign policy. Before joining the University of Ottawa in 2006, he was Director of Research at the Conference Board of Canada, the country's largest think tank; foreign policy advisor in the Department of Foreign Affairs and the Privy Council Office of the Canadian government; Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Colorado-Boulder; and Visiting Researcher at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, D.C. He has won two awards for public service and four awards for teaching. Paris' writings have appeared in leading academic journals including International Security and International Studies Quarterly. His book “At War's End: Building Peace After Civil Conflict” (Cambridge University Press, 2004) won the Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving Global Order and the International Studies Association's prize for best book on multilateralism. He has co-edited two other volumes on peacebuilding, and is co-editor of the Security & Governance book series at Routledge. In 2012 Paris was appointed a Global Ethics Fellow by the Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs. He is also a fellow of the Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute, and a member of the board of directors of the World University Service of Canada.

Kenneth Pollack
Senior Fellow, Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution

Kenneth Pollack is a senior fellow in the Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution. He served as the director of the Center from 2009 to 2012, and its director of research from 2002 to 2009. Pollack is an expert on Middle Eastern political-military affairs, with particular emphasis on Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia and the other nations of hte Persian Gulf region. Pollack has twice served on the staff of the National Security Council as director for Near East and South Asian affairs (1995-1996) and as director for Persian Gulf Affairs (1999-2000). His most recent books are Unthinkable: Iran, the Bomb, and American Strategy; A Path Out of the Desert: A Grand Strategy for America in the Middle East; and Which Path to Persia: Options for a New American Strategy Toward Iran.

Michael Singh
Managing Director, The Washington Institute, Former Senior Director for Middle East Affairs, National Security Council

Michael Singh is managing director of The Washington Institute and a former senior director for Middle East affairs at the National Security Council. At the White House, Mr. Singh was responsible for devising and implementing strategies on a wide range of Middle East issues, from efforts to prevent Iran's acquisition of nuclear weapons capability, to the Arab-Israeli peace process, to promoting human rights in the region. He served in the NSC for three years, as senior director for Middle East affairs and as director for Iran and for Lebanon, Syria, Egypt, and North Africa. Previously, Mr. Singh served as special assistant to secretaries of state Condoleezza Rice and Colin Powell and was staff assistant to then ambassador Daniel Kurtzer at the U.S. embassy in Tel Aviv. A member of the Harvard International Review's Board of Advisors, Mr. Singh has written extensively on Iran, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and U.S. national security strategy and management. His articles have appeared in the Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, World Affairs, the American Interest, the Economist, Foreign Affairs online, and other publications. He is a regular contributor to ForeignPolicy.com, and appears frequently in national and global media outlets such as Fox News, NBC, CBS, and the BBC.

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Michèle Flournoy
Senior Adviser, The Boston Consulting Group, Co-Chair of the Board of Directors, Center for a New American Security
Chas Freeman, Jr.
Chairman, Projects International, Former U.S. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia
James Stavridis
Dean, The Fletcher School, Tufts University

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Rawi Abdelal
Joseph C. Wilson Professor of Business Administration, Harvard Business School

Rawi Abdelal is the Joseph C. Wilson Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School. His primary expertise is international political economy, and his research focuses on the politics of globalization and the political economy of Eurasia. Professor Abdelal is a Faculty Associate of Harvard's Weatherhead Center for International Affairs and serves on the Executive Committee of the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies. He is the head of Harvard's required, first-year MBA course, Business, Government, and the International Economy. Professor Abdelal's first book, National Purpose in the World Economy, won the 2002 Shulman Prize as the outstanding book on the international relations of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. His second book, Capital Rules, explains the evolution of the social norms and legal rules of the international financial system. Abdelal has also edited or co-edited three books: The Rules of Globalization, a collection of Harvard Business School cases on international business; Measuring Identity; and Constructing the International Economy. Abdelal is currently working on The Price of Power, a book that explores the relationships among political leadership, state-building, foreign investment, and geopolitics in the Russian energy sector.

Scott Appleby
Marilyn Keough Dean, Keough School of Global Affairs, University of Notre Dame

Scott Appleby is the Marilyn Keough Dean of Notre Dame’s Keough School of Global Affairs. From 2000-2014, he served as the Regan Director of the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies. Appleby co-directs, with Ebrahim Moosa and Atalia Omer, Contending Modernities, a major multi-year project to examine the interaction among Catholic, Muslim, and secular forces in the modern world. Appleby’s research examines the various ways in which religious movements and organizations shape, and are shaped by national, regional and global dynamics of governance, deadly conflict, international relations and economic development. He co-chaired the Chicago Council on Global Affairs’ Task Force on Religion and the Making of U.S. Foreign Policy, which released the influential report, “Engaging Religious Communities Abroad: A New Imperative for U.S. Foreign Policy.” From 1988 to 1993 Appleby was co-director of the Fundamentalism Project, an international public policy study conducted by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Appleby is the author or editor of 15 books, including the widely cited volumes of The Fundamentalism Project (co-edited with Martin E. Marty); and The Ambivalence of the Sacred: Religion, Violence and Reconciliation. Most recently, Appleby co-edited (with Atalia Omer) The Oxford Handbook on Religion, Conflict and Peacebuilding. He also serves as lead editor of the Oxford University Press series “Studies in Strategic Peacebuilding.” Other Appleby titles include Catholics in the American Century; Peacebuilding: Catholic Theology, Ethics and Praxis; and Church and Age Unite! The Modernist Impulse in American Catholicism.

Deborah Avant
Sié Chéou-Kang Chair for International Security and Diplomacy, Josef Korbel School of International Studies

Deborah Avant is the Sié Chéou-Kang Chair for International Security and Diplomacy and Director of the Sié Center at the Josef Korbel School of International Studies at the University of Denver. She is also the inaugural Editor-in-Chief of the ISA’s newly launched Journal of Global Security Studies. Her research (funded by grants from the Institute for Global Conflict and Cooperation, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Smith Richardson Foundation, and the Carnegie Corporation, among others) focuses on civil-military relations, the roles of non-state actors in security, the politics of controlling violence, and global governance. Under her leadership the Sié Chéou-Kang Center launched the Private Security Monitor, an annotated guide to regulation, data and analyses of global private military and security services, in 2012. In 2013 she was awarded an honorary doctorate from University of St. Gallen for her research and contribution toward regulating private military and security companies. Prior to joining the Josef Korbel School of International Studies, she held positions at the University of California, Irvine and George Washington University. Her publications include The Market for Force: The Consequences of Privatizing Security, Who Governs the Globe?, and The New Power Politics.

Eva Bellin
Associate Professor of Political Science, Brandeis University

Eva Bellin is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Brandeis University and a research associate at Brandeis’ Crown Center for Middle East Studies. She is a comparativist with specialization in the Middle East and North Africa. Her interests center on issues of democratization and authoritarian persistence, political and economic reform, civil society, religion and politics, and the politics of cultural change. Bellin is the author of Stalled Democracy: Capital, Labor, and the Paradox of State Sponsored Development, and is currently working on a second book, Arbitrating Identity: High Courts and the Politics of Cultural Reconciliation in Egypt, Israel, and Pakistan. She has published in a variety of venues including World Politics, Comparative Politics, Political Science Quarterly, Comparative Political Studies, World Development, Foreign Affairs, Middle East Policy, and has edited numerous books. In 2006-2008 Bellin was named a Carnegie Scholar by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, supporting her research on high courts in the Middle East and Islamic World. Bellin has served on the Editorial Board of the journal Comparative Politics since 2005.

Joel Brenner
Robert Wilhelm Fellowship, Center for International Studies, MIT, Senior Counsel, National Security Agency

Joel F. Brenner specializes in cyber and physical security, data protection and privacy, intelligence law, the administration of classified information and facilities, and the regulation of sensitive cross-border transactions. Mr. Brenner was Senior Counsel at the National Security Agency, advising Agency leadership on the public-private effort to create better security for the Internet. From 2006 until mid-2009, he was the head of U.S. counterintelligence under the Director of National Intelligence and was responsible for integrating the counterintelligence activities of the 17 departments and agencies with intelligence authorities. From 2002-2006, Mr. Brenner was NSA’s Inspector General, responsible for that agency’s top-secret internal audits and investigations. The Center for International Studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has awarded him the Robert Wilhelm Fellowship for 2014-2015. Mr. Brenner is the author of America the Vulnerable: Inside the New Threat Matrix of Digital Espionage, Crime, and Warfare and Glass Houses: Privacy, Secrecy, and Cyber Insecurity in a Transparent World.

Daniel Byman
Professor, Security Studies Program, Georgetown University, Senior Fellow, Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution

Daniel Byman is a professor in the Security Studies Program at Georgetown University’s Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service and a Senior Fellow and Director of Research at the Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution. He served as director of Georgetown's Security Studies Program and Center for Security Studies from 2005 until 2010. He also leads at Georgetown team in teaching a "Massive Open Online Course" (MOOC) on terrorism and counterterrorism for EdX. From 2002 to 2004 he served as a Professional Staff Member with the 9/11 Commission and with the Joint 9/11 Inquiry Staff of the House and Senate Intelligence Committees. Before joining the Inquiry Staff he was the Research Director of the Center for Middle East Public Policy at the RAND Corporation. Previous to this, Professor Byman worked as an analyst on the Middle East for the U.S. government. His recent publications include Al Qaeda, the Islamic State, and the Global Jihadist Movement: What Everyone Needs to Know; A High Price: The Triumphs and Failures of Israeli Counterterrorism; The Five Front War: The Better Way to Fight Global Jihad; Deadly Connections: States that Sponsor Terrorism; and Keeping the Peace: Lasting Solutions to Ethnic Conflict.

Matthew Carnes
Associate Professor, Department of Government, Georgetown University

Fr. Matthew Carnes, S.J., is an Associate Professor in the Department of Government. His research examines the dynamics of labor and social welfare policy, with particular interest in the ways societies protect their weakest and most vulnerable members: the old, the young, the ill or injured, and the unemployed. His principal regional focus is Latin America, and in recent years he has conducted extensive field research in Argentina, Peru, Chile, and Bolivia. His teaching has been highly decorated. In 2011, he was awarded the Dorothy Brown Award for Outstanding Teaching Achievement, Georgetown University’s highest teaching award, presented by the student body to the faculty member who has had the strongest impact on the students' university experience. In addition, in 2011, at the Tropaia Ceremony for Georgetown College, he was awarded the Edward B. Bunn, S.J. Award for Faculty Excellence, given by the graduating seniors in the College of Arts and Sciences. In 2012, he was featured as one of the country's best professors in the Princeton Review's publication, 300 Best Professors. And in 2013, he was chosen by students as the Faculty Member of the Year in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service.

In recent years, he has been a Visiting Fellow at the Kellogg Institute for International Studies at the University of Notre Dame (Spring 2009) and a National Fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University (Academic Year 2011-2012).

Victor Cha
Director of Asian Studies, Georgetown University

Professor Victor D. Cha is director of Asian Studies and holds the D.S. Song Chair in the Department of Government and School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. In 2009, he was named as Senior Adviser and the inaugural holder of the new Korea Chair at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, DC. He left the White House in May 2007 after serving since 2004 as Director for Asian Affairs at the National Security Council. At the White House, he was responsible primarily for Japan, the Korean peninsula, Australia/New Zealand and Pacific Island nation affairs. He is the author of five books: 1) Alignment Despite Antagonism: The United States-Korea-Japan Security Triangle (Stanford University Press) (winner of the 2000 Ohira Book Prize), 2) Nuclear North Korea: A Debate on Engagement Strategies (Columbia University Press, 2004 with Dave Kang), 3) Beyond the Final Score: The Politics of Sport in Asia (Columbia, 2009); 4) The Impossible State: North Korea, Past and Future (HarperCollins, 2012); and 5) Powerplay: Origins of the American Alliance System in Asia (Princeton University Press, forthcoming). He has written articles on international relations and East Asia in journals includingForeign AffairsInternational SecurityPolitical Science QuarterlySurvival,International Studies Quarterly, and Asian Survey.

Sarah Chayes
Senior Associate, Carnegie Endowment

Sarah Chayes is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment. Formerly special adviser to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, she is an expert in South Asia policy, kleptocracy and anti-corruption, and civil-military relations. A former reporter, she covered the fall of the Taliban for National Public Radio, then left journalism to remain in Kandahar in order to contribute to the reconstruction of the country, living there almost continuously since December 2001. After running a nongovernmental organization founded by President Karzai’s brother Qayum, Chayes launched a manufacturing cooperative that produces skin-care products for export from licit local agriculture. In 2010, Chayes became special adviser to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral Mike Mullen, contributing to strategic policy on Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Arab Spring. Chayes is author of The Punishment of Virtue: Inside Afghanistan After the Taliban, as well as numerous articles on Afghanistan in the international press.

Benjamin Cohen
Louis G. Lancaster Professor of International Political Economy, University of California

Benjamin J. Cohen is Louis G. Lancaster Professor of International Political Economy at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he has been a member of the Political Science Department since 1991.  He was educated at Columbia University, earning a PhD in Economics in 1963.  He has worked as a research economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and has taught at Princeton University and the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University.  A specialist in the political economy of international money and finance, he is the author of thirteen books, including most recently The Future of Global Currency: The Euro versus the Dollar, published in 2011.  He has won numerous awards and in 2000 was named Distinguished Scholar of the year by the International Political Economy Section of the International Studies Association.

Stephen Cohen
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy Studies Program, Brookings Institution

Stephen Cohen is Senior Fellow in the Foreign Policy Studies Program of the Brookings Institution. He is also Adjunct Professor at the Nitze School of Advanced International Studies and a member of the National Academy of Science's Committee on International Security and Arms Control. Professor Cohen's many books include India: Emerging Power; The Pakistan Army; The Indian Army; and The Idea of Pakistan. His latest publications are Four Crises and a Peace Process: American Engagement in South Asia, with P.R. Chari and Pervaiz I. Cheema, and Arming without Aiming: India’s Military Modernization, with Sunil Dasgupta. 

Alex de Waal
Executive Director, World Peace Foundation; Research Professor, Tufts University

Alex de Waal is Executive Director of the World Peace Foundation and a Research Professor at Tufts University. From 2009 to 2011 he served as senior advisor to the African Union High Level Implementation Panel for Sudan. He was also program director at the Social Science Research Council, with responsibilities for research programs on humanitarian issues and HIV/AIDS and social transformation. His academic research has focused on issues of famine, conflict and human rights in Africa. He was awarded an OBE in the UK New Year’s Honors List of 2009, was on the Prospect/Foreign Policy list of 100 public intellectuals in 2008 and the Atlantic Monthly list of 27 ‘brave thinkers’ in 2009.

James Dobbins
Director, International Security and Defense Policy Center, RAND Corporation

James Dobbins is the Director of the International Security and Defense Policy Center at RAND. His areas of expertise include: Iraq, Afghanistan, the Balkans, Europe, U.S. Foreign Relations, NATO, and trends and issues in international security. Dr. Dobbins is a veteran diplomat who has held senior White House and State Department positions under four presidents, and most recently served as the Bush Administration's special envoy for Afghanistan. His publications include: After the Taliban: Nation Building in Afghanistan; The Effect of Terrorist Attacks in Spain on Transatlantic Cooperation in the War on Terror; Stabilization and Reconstruction Civilian Management Act of 2004; The UN’s Role in Nation-Building: from the Congo to Iraq; The Beginner’s Guide to Nation-Building; Occupying Iraq: A History of the Coalition Provisional Authority; and After the Taliban.

Alexander Downes
Associate Professor of Political Science, George Washington University

Alex Downes is an Associate Professor of Political Science at George Washington University, specializing in international security. His research interests include the causes and effectiveness of civilian victimization in warfare; the utility of foreign-imposed regime change for achieving states' goals, as well as the effects of foreign-imposed regime change on target states; and the determinants of military effectiveness. His book Targeting Civilians in War won the Joseph Lepgold Prize for best book in international relations published in 2008. The book argues that civilian victimization is a function of desperation to win and conserve on military casualties in costly and protracted wars of attrition, and the desire to eliminate actual or potential threats to control over territory in wars of territorial annexation. His work has appeared in the journals Civil Wars, International Security, Journal of Conflict Resolution, SAIS Review, and Security Studies. Downes has held fellowships at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University, the Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University, and the Olin Institute for Strategic Studies, Harvard University.

Nicholas Eberstadt
Senior Adviser to the National Board of Asian Research, Member of the visiting committee, Harvard School of Public Health

Nicholas Eberstadt, a political economist and a demographer by training, is also a senior adviser to the National Board of Asian Research, a member of the visiting committee at the Harvard School of Public Health, and a member of the Global Leadership Council at the World Economic Forum. He researches and writes extensively on economic development, foreign aid, global health, demographics, and poverty. He is the author of numerous monographs and articles on North and South Korea, East Asia, and countries of the former Soviet Union. His books range from The End of North Korea to The Poverty of the Poverty Rate.

Kimberly Elliott
Senior Fellow, Center for Global Development, Visiting Fellow, Peterson Institute for International Economics (IIE)

Kimberly Elliott is a Senior Fellow at the Center for Global Development and a Visiting Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics (IIE). She is also a member of the Committee on Monitoring International Labor Standards at the National Research Council. Much of her work focuses on the uses of economic leverage in international negotiations, including both economic sanctions for foreign policy goals and trade threats and sanctions in commercial disputes, and in recent years, has turned to broader globalization issues, including the backlash against globalization, the role of developing countries in the trade system, international labor standards, and the causes and consequences of transnational corruption. Her IIE publications include: Delivering on Doha: Farm Trade and the Poor; Can Labor Standards Improve Under Globalization?; Corruption and the Global Economy; Reciprocity and Retaliation in US Trade Policy; Measuring the Costs of Protection in the United States; Economic Sanctions Reconsidered; and Auction Quotas and United States Trade Policy.

Michèle Flournoy
Senior Adviser, The Boston Consulting Group, Co-Chair of the Board of Directors, Center for a New American Security

Michèle Flournoy is Co-Chair of the Board of Directors of the Center for a New American Security (CNAS) and a Senior Adviser at the Boston Consulting Group. She served as the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy from February 2009 to February 2012. She was the principal adviser to the Secretary of Defense in the formulation of national security and defense policy, oversight of military plans and operations, and in National Security Council deliberations. She led the development of DoD’s new Strategic Guidance and represented the Department in dozens of foreign engagements, in the media and before Congress.

Taylor Fravel
Associate Professor of Political Science, Center for International Studies, MIT

M. Taylor Fravel is the Cecil and Ida Green Career Development Associate Professor of Political Science and member of the Security Studies Program at MIT. Taylor is a graduate of Middlebury College and Stanford University, where he received his PhD. He has been a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Olin Institute for Strategic Studies at Harvard University, a Predoctoral Fellow at the Center for International Security and Cooperation at Stanford University, a Fellow with the Princeton-Harvard China and the World Program and a Visiting Scholar at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He also has graduate degrees from the London School of Economics and Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes Scholar. In March 2010, he was named Research Associate with the National Asia Research Program launched by the National Bureau of Asian Research and the Woodrow Wilson International Center.

Chas Freeman, Jr.
Chairman, Projects International, Former U.S. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia

Chas W. Freeman, Jr. is a former U.S. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia and Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs. After 30 years as a U.S. diplomat, he became the chairman of Projects International in 1995. He served as the principal interpreter during President Nixon's historic visit to China in 1972. He is also currently president of the Middle East Policy Council, co-chair of the U.S. China Policy Foundation, vice-chair of the Atlantic Council, a trustee of the Institute for Defense Analyses — and a director of the Pacific Pension Institute. Mr. Freeman has been published in The New York Times and wrote two books titled "Arts of Power: Statecraft and Diplomacy" and "The Diplomat's Dictionary."

Francis Fukuyama
Senior Fellow, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Stanford University

Dr. Francis Fukuyama is Olivier Nomellini Senior Fellow at the Stanford University Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI), resident in FSI's Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law. Dr. Fukuyama has written widely on issues in development and international politics. His book, The End of History and the Last Man, was published byFree Press in 1992 and has appeared in over twenty foreign editions. His most recent book, Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy, was published in September 2014. Other books include America at the Crossroads: Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative LegacyOur Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution; and Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. He was a member of the Political Science Department of the RAND Corporation, and of the Policy Planning Staff of the US Department of State. He previously taught at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) of Johns Hopkins University and at George Mason University's School of Public Policy. He served as a member of the President's Council on Bioethics from 2001-2004. Dr. Fukuyama is chairman of the editorial board of The American Interest, which he helped to found in 2005. He is a senior fellow at the Johns Hopkins SAIS Foreign Policy Institute, and a non-resident fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Center for Global Development.

Kevin Gallagher
Associate Professor, Boston University

Kevin P. Gallagher is Associate Professor of International Relations at Boston University who specializes in economic development, trade and investment policy, international environmental policy, and Latin America. He is the author of “The Dragon in the Room: China and the Future of Latin American Industrialization” (with Roberto Porzecanski), “The Enclave Economy: Foreign Investment and Sustainable Development in Mexico’s Silicon Valley” (with Lyuba Zarsky), and “Free Trade and the Environment: Mexico, NAFTA, and Beyond.” Gallagher has edited or co-edited a number of books, including “Rethinking Foreign Investment for Sustainable Development: Lessons from Latin America” (with Daniel Chudnovsky) and “Putting Development First: the Importance of Policy Space in the WTO and IFIs.” Gallagher is the coordinator of Boston University’s Global Development Policy Program. He is a faculty fellow at BU’s Frederick S. Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer-Range Future where he leads the Global Economic Governance Initiative. Gallagher is also a research associate at the Global Development and Environment Institute of Tufts University and at the Political Economy Research Institute of the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He has served as a visiting or adjunct professor at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University; Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government; El Colegio de Mexico in Mexico; Tsinghua University in China; and the Center for the Study of State and Society in Argentina. Gallagher is co-editor of the Review of International Political Economy. In 2009, he served on the investment subcommittee of the US Department of State’s Advisory Committee on International Economic Policy. He currently serves on the National Advisory Committee to the North American Free Trade Agreement at the US Environmental Protection Agency and as a member of the Inter-American Dialogue’s China and Latin America Working Group. Professor Gallagher writes regular columns on global economic and development policy for The Guardian, Financial Times, and Al-Jazeera. He co-chairs the Triple Crisis blog.

Sumit Ganguly
Rabindranath Tagore Chair in Indian Cultures and Civilizations, Professor of Political Science, Indiana University, Bloomington

Sumit Ganguly holds the Rabindranath Tagore Chair in Indian Cultures and Civilizations and is a Professor of Political Science at Indiana University in Bloomington. His research and writing, focused primarily on South Asia, has been supported by grants from the Asia Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York and the W. Alton Jones Foundation and the United States Institute of Peace. He serves on the editorial boards of Asian Affairs, Asian Survey, Current History, the Journal of Strategic Studies and Security Studies. He is the founding editor of both the India Review and Asian Security. Professor Ganguly is the author, editor or co-editor of a dozen books on South Asia. His most recent books are Fearful Symmetry: India and Pakistan Under the Shadow of Nuclear Weapons (co-authored with Devin Hagerty); More Than Words: U.S.-India Strategic Cooperation Into the Twenty-First Century (co-edited with Brian Shoup and Andrew Scobell); and The State of India's Democracy (with Larry Diamond and Marc Plattner).

Gregory Gause
Associate Professor and Department Chair of Political Science, University of Vermont, Director, Middle East Studies Program

Gregory Gause is an Associate Professor and Department Chair of Political Science at the University of Vermont, and Director of the University's Middle East Studies Program. Professor Gause's teaching and research interests are in international relations and Middle Eastern politics. He is the author of a number of articles and three books, The International Relations of the Persian Gulf; Oil Monarchies: Domestic and Security Challenges in the Arab Gulf States; and Saudi-Yemini Relations: Domestic Structures and Foreign Influence. His articles have appeared in Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, Security Studies, Middle East Journal, Washington Quarterly, Journal of International Affairs, Review of International Studies and in other journals and edited volumes. 

Kelly Greenhill
Associate Professor of International Relations and Security Studies, Tufts University, Research Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University

Kelly Greenhill is an Associate Professor, Tufts University, and Research Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University. Her research focuses on the use of military force and what are frequently called "new security challenges," including civil wars; the use of forced migration as a weapon; intervention and (counter-) insurgency; and international crime as a challenge to domestic governance. She previously held pre- or post-doctoral fellowships at Harvard University's Olin Institute for Strategic Studies and Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, at Stanford University's Center for International Security and Cooperation, and at Columbia University's Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies. Greenhill is the author of Weapons of Mass Migration: Forced Displacement, Coercion and Foreign Policy; which won the 2011 International Studies Association's Best Book of the Year award, and co-author and co-editor (with Peter Andreas) of Sex, Drugs and Body Counts: The Politics of Numbers in Global Crime and Conflict.

Caroline Hartzell
Professor, International Relations; Director, Globalization Studies Program, Gettysburg College

Caroline Hartzell is a professor of the Political Science Department and Director of the College's Globalization Studies program at Gettysburg College, where she teaches courses in International Relations.  Professor Hartzell’s specialization is in international political economy with an emphasis on issues of development, conflict, and globalization. Her research focuses on civil war settlements and the effects institutions, both domestic and international, have on social conflict. Hartzell was a Jennings Randolph Senior Fellow at the United States Institute of Peace in 2010-2011. In Columbia, Hartzell evaluated a USAID-funded project seeking to establish the presence of the Colombian government in post-conflict zones. In Afghanistan, she worked to help Afghan stakeholders explore options for an Afghan peace process.

Ron Hassner
Associate Professor & Co-Director, Religion, Politics and Globalization Program, University of California, Berkeley

Ron E. Hassner is associate professor of international relations and co-director of University of California, Berkeley's Religion, Politics and Globalization Program. He founded and now chairs the “Religion and International Relations” section of the International Studies Association, and is an associate editor of the journal Security Studies. He studies the role of symbols and ideas in international security with particular attention to the relationship between religion and conflict. His publications have focused on territorial disputes, religion in the military, conflicts over holy places, and the pervasive role of religion on the modern battlefield. His recent publications include Religion in the Military Worldwide; Religion on the Battlefield; and War on Sacred Grounds.

 

Bruce Hoffman
Professor of International Relations, Georgetown University, Former Vice President, RAND

Bruce Hoffman is Professor of International Relations at Georgetown University and former Vice President of The RAND Corporation’s Washington, D.C. office. He was the Founding Director of the Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland, where he chaired the Department of International Relations. Dr. Hoffman is Editor-in-Chief of the journal Studies in Conflict and Terrorism and a member of the Advisory Board of Terrorism and Political Violence. His latest book is Inside Terrorism, 2nd ed. 

Thomas Homer-Dixon
Chair, Centre for International Governance Innovation, Global Systems at the Balsillie School of International Affairs , Professor, Centre for Environment and Business, University of Waterloo

Thomas Homer-Dixon holds the Centre for International Governance Innovation Chair of Global Systems at the Balsillie School of International Affairs in Waterloo, Canada, and is a Professor in the Centre for Environment and Business in the Faculty of Environment, University of Waterloo. Recently, his research has focused on threats to global security in the 21st century and on how societies adapt to complex economic, ecological, and technological change. His books include The Upside of Down: Catastrophe, Creativity, and the Renewal of Civilization, which won the 2006 National Business Book Award; The Ingenuity Gap, which won the 2001 Governor General's Non-fiction Award; and Environment, Scarcity, and Violence, which won the Caldwell Prize of the American Political Science Association.

Donald Horowitz
James B. Duke Professor of Law and Political Science, Duke University

Donald Horowitz is the James B. Duke Professor of Law and Political Science at Duke University. He has been a Visiting Professor at the University of Chicago Law School and the Central European University; as well as a Visiting Fellow at Wolfson College, at the Law Faculty of the University of Canterbury, and at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. In 2009, he was presented with the Distinguished Scholar Award of the Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration Section of the International Studies Association. His recent published books include: Ethnic Groups in Conflict; A Democratic South Africa? Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society; The Deadly Ethnic Riot; and Indonesia's Path to Constitutional Democracy, to be published in 2012.

Lise Howard
Associate Professor, Georgetown University

Lise Howard is an Associate Professor in the Department of Government at Georgetown University. She has served as a Jennings Randolph Senior Fellow at the U.S. Institute of Peace, and was the founding director of the Master of Arts Program in Conflict Resolution at Georgetown. Dr. Howard's research and teaching interests span the fields of international relations, comparative politics, and conflict resolution. Her work focuses on civil wars, peacekeeping, U.S. foreign policy, and area studies of the Balkans and sub-Saharan Africa. She has published several articles and book chapters on these topics. Her book, UN Peacekeeping in Civil Wars, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2008, and it won the 2010 Book Award from the Academic Council on the UN System (ACUNS) for the best book on the UN system published in the previous three years. She is currently working on several projects about U.S. foreign policy in ethnic conflict, the use of force in UN peacekeeping operations, and norms of civil war termination.

Jolyon Howorth
Jean Monnet Professor of European Politics, University of Bath, Visiting Professor of Political Science, Yale University

Jolyon Howorth is Jean Monnet Professor of European Politics at the University of Bath (UK) and a Visiting Professor of Political Science at Yale (2002-2010). He is also a Senior Research Associate at the Institute Français des Relations Internationales (Paris), a Fellow of the Royal Society for the Arts (UK), Chevalier dans l’Ordre des Palmes Académiques (France), and member of the Advisory Boards of the European Institute for Public Administration (Netherlands), and the Centre for the Study of Security and Diplomacy (UK). He has published extensively in the field of European politics and history, especially in security and defense policy and transatlantic relations. His most recent books include: Security and Defence Policy in the European Union; Defending Europe: The EU, NATO and the Quest for European Autonomy, (edited with John Keeler); and European Integration and Defence: the Ultimate Challenge?

Stephen Kaplan
Associate Professor of Political Science & International Affairs, Georgetown University

Stephen B. Kaplan is an Assistant Professor of Political Science and International Affairs. Professor Kaplan's research and teaching interests focus on the frontiers of international and comparative political economy, where he specializes in the political economy of global finance and development, the rise of China in the Western Hemisphere, and Latin American politics.

Professor Kaplan joined the GWU faculty in the fall of 2010 after completing a postdoctoral research fellowship at the Niehaus Center for Globalization and Governance at Princeton University and his Ph.D at Yale University. While at Yale, Kaplan also worked as a researcher for former Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo at the Yale Center for the Study of Globalization. Prior to his doctoral studies, Professor Kaplan was a senior economic analyst at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, writing extensively on developing country economics, global financial market developments, and emerging market crises from 1998 to 2003.

Terry Karl
Professor of Political Science, William and Gretchen Kimball University Fellow, Stanford University, Senior Fellow of the Stanford Institute for International Studies

Terry Karl is Professor of Political Science, William and Gretchen Kimball University Fellow, and Senior Fellow of the Stanford Institute for International Studies. Dr. Karl was educated at Stanford University, where she received her BA, MA and Ph.D. with distinction, and where she returned to teach in 1987. Dr. Karl has published widely on comparative politics and international relations, with special emphasis on the politics of oil-exporting countries, transitions to democracy, problems of inequality, human rights and civil wars, and contemporary Latin American politics. Dr. Karl's many books include: The Paradox of Plenty: Oil Booms and Petro-States; The Limits to Competition (co-authored with members of the Group of Lisbon of the European Commission); Oil and Conflict (with Mary Kaldor); and a monograph on ending impunity, centering on the trial of Romagoza et al versus General Garcia et al, the first successful jury trial of war criminals in the US.

Jonathan Kirshner
Professor of Government, Cornell University

Jonathan Kirshner is the Stephen and Barbara Friedman Professor of International Political Economy in the Department of Government and Director of the Reppy Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies at Cornell University.  He is the author of Currency and Coercion: The Political Economy of International Monetary Power, and Appeasing Bankers: Financial Caution on the Road to War, which won the best book award from the International Security Studies Section of the International Studies Association.  He has also edited the volumes Monetary Orders: Ambiguous Economics, Ubiquitous Politics, and Globalization and National Security; and is the co-editor (with Eric Helleiner) of the volumes The Future of the Dollar, and The Great Wall of Money: Power and Politics in China’s International Monetary Relations, as well as the multi-disciplinary book series Cornell Studies in Money.  His most recent books include Hollywood's Last Golden Age: Politics, Society and the Seventies Film in America, and American Power after the Financial Crisis.  From Cornell University Kirshner is a recipient of the Provost's Award for Distinguished Scholarship, and the Stephen and Margery Russell Distinguished Teaching Award.

Andrey Kortunov
President of the Eurasia Foundation

Andrey Kortunov is President of the Eurasia Foundation in charge of its operations in Russia, and an expert for the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Russian State Duma.  He is the President of the Information Scholarship Education Center (ISE) and a member of the Educational Board of the Open Society Institute.  He specializes in problems of international security, and focuses on the emergence of security arrangements and political systems in the states of the former Soviet Union.  Mr. Kortunov works extensively with the global academic community and is a member of numerous editorial boards, including Sreda, Higher Edication Monthly, and USA: Economics, Politics, Ideology.  He has been a syndicated columnist (Novosti) and has appeared on ABC, NBC, CBS, PBS, CNN, BBC, ITN, and CBC, as well as numerous Russian TV programs.  His major recent publications include Russia and UN Reforms, and Disintegration of the Soviet Union and US Policies.

James Kunder
Affiliated Expert, The Lugar Center, Principal, Kunder/Reali Associates

James Kunder is principal at Kunder/Reali Associates, a consulting firm specializing in international development, post-conflict reconstruction and civil-military relations. Concurrently, he serves as an Affiliated Expert at The Lugar Center, and as a member of the Executive Committee of the Modernizing Foreign Assistance Network. Kunder has extensive government and private sector experience managing international development, relief and reconstruction programs. At USAID, Kunder has served as Acting Deputy Administrator, Assistant Administrator for Asia and the Near East, Director for Relief and Reconstruction in Afghanistan, and Director of the Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance. In the private sector, Kunder was Vice President for Program Development at Save the Children Federation. He has also served as a legislative director in the U.S. House of Representatives. Prior to his service on Capitol Hill, he was on active military duty as an infantry platoon commander in the U.S. Marine Corps. He currently teaches at the U.S. Foreign Service Institute, at USAID, and at the Marine Corps University. He has authored numerous publications on international humanitarian issues, reconstruction, peacekeeping and crisis management.

Joshua Landis
Director of the Center for Middle East Studies, and Associate Professor, University of Oklahoma’s College of International Studies

Joshua Landis is Director of the Center for Middle East Studies and Associate Professor at the University of Oklahoma’s College of international Studies. He is also the President of the Syrian Studies Association. Landis writes “Syria Comment,” a daily newsletter on Syrian politics that attracts some 50,000 readers a month, and it is widely read by officials in Washington, Europe and Syria. Dr. Landis travels frequently to Washington DC to consult with government agencies and speak at think tanks. Most recently he has spoken at the Woodrow Wilson Institute, Brookings Institute, USIP, Middle East Institute, and Council on Foreign Relations. Most recently he has appeared on PBS News Hour, the Charlie Rose Show, al-Jazeera, Frontline, NPR and BBC radio, and he is frequently published in such journals as Foreign Policy, Middle East Policy, and Time Magazine. Dr. Landis most recent publications are Stay Out of Syria , and Why Asad Is Likely to Survive to 2013.

Chappell Lawson
Associate Professor of Political Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chappell Lawson is Associate Professor of Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Professor Lawson's major interests are Latin American politics, Mexican politics, democratization, political communication, political behavior, and U.S. foreign policy. His current research focuses on the relationship between citizens' political skills and the quality of democracy across a range of countries. Professor Lawson's recent books include Building the Fourth Estate: Democratization and Media Opening in Mexico, and Mexico's Pivotal Democratic Election, co-edited with Jorge Domi­nguez.

Christopher Layne
Robert M. Gates Chair in Intelligence and National Security, Professor, George Bush School of Government and Public Service, Texas A&M University

Christopher Layne holds is a University Distinguished Professor, Robert M. Gates Chair in National Security, and professor of international affairs at the Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University. His fields of interest are international relations theory, great power politics, US foreign policy, transatlantic security relations, and grand strategy. Professor Layne has written two books: The Peace of Illusions: American Grand Strategy from 1940 to the Present (Cornell University Press, 2006), and (with Bradley A. Thayer) American Empire: A Debate (Routledge, 2006). His current book project, After the Fall: International Politics, U.S. Grand Strategy, and the End of the Pax Americana, is under contract with the Yale University Press. Additionally, he has contributed extensively to the debates about international relations theory and American foreign policy in such scholarly and policy journals as International Security, International History Review, Security Studies, Journal of Strategic Studies, The National Interest, Foreign Policy, The Washington Quarterly, World Policy Journal, and Orbis. Professor Layne has been a frequent contributor to The Atlantic, The New Republic, The Nation, Financial Times, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Washington Post, and the Australian. He also is a contributin editor for The American Conservative. He is a consultant to the National Intellifence Council and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. In spring 2014, he will be a Visiting Fellow at the Nowegian Nobel Institute in Oslo.

James Lewis
Senior Fellow and Director, Technology and Public Policy Program, CSIS

James Lewis is a senior fellow and director of the Technology and Public Policy Program at CSIS, where he focuses on technology, national security, and the international economy. Before joining CSIS, he worked in the federal government as a foreign service officer and as a member of the senior executive service. His assignments involved Asian regional security, military intervention and insurgency, conventional arms negotiations, technology transfer, sanctions, Internet policy, and military space programs. Lewis has authored numerous CSIS publications with the theme of how government policies adjust to technological innovation. They include Building an Information Technology Industry in China: National Strategy, Global Markets; Foreign Influence on Software: Risks and Recourse; Waiting for Sputnik: Basic Research and Strategic Competition; Globalization and National Security; Spectrum Management for the 21st Century; Assessing the Risk of Cyber Terrorism; and Preserving America’s Strength in Satellite Technology.

Roy Licklider
Professor of Political Science, Rutgers

Roy Licklider, Professor of Political Science, received his B.A. from Boston University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in international relations from Yale. He taught at Tougaloo College before coming to Rutgers in l968. He has taught courses in international relations, foreign and military policy, terrorism, research design, international political economy, and the comparative politics of higher education. His early research was concerned with nuclear strategy, comparative foreign policy, and the impact of economic sanctions on foreign policy, particularly the Arab oil embargo of 1973-74. His recent research has focused on how people who have been killing one another in civil wars with considerable skill and enthusiasm can sometimes—but more often than you might think—form working political communities. He is Adjunct Research Scholar at the Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies at Columbia and has taught at Princeton and Yale. He has been a member of the Inter-University Consortium for Foreign Policy Research and the University Seminar on Reconciliation at Columbia University, President of the Comparative Foreign Policy Section of the International Studies Association, Program Officer at the Exxon Education Foundation, and consultant for the Political Instability Task Force at Science Applications International Corporation.

Keir Lieber
Associate Professor of Political Science, Georgetown University's Walsh School of Foreign Service

Keir Lieber is Associate Professor of Political Science at Georgetown University’s Walsh School of Foreign Service. He specializes in international relations theory, international conflict and security, and U.S. foreign policy. He is author of War and the Engineers: The Primacy of Politics over Technology, which explores the relationship between technological change and the causes of war. His most recent articles appear in International Security and Foreign Affairs. His current book project explores the causes and consequences of U.S. nuclear weapons policy.

Herb Lin
Research Scholar, Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University, Research Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University

HERB LIN is senior research scholar for cyber policy and security at the Center for International Security and Cooperation and Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution, both at Stanford University.  His research interests relate broadly to policy-related dimensions of cybersecurity and cyberspace, and he is particularly interested in and knowledgeable about the use of offensive operations in cyberspace, especially as instruments of national policy.  In addition to his positions at Stanford University, he is Chief Scientist, Emeritus for the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, National Research Council (NRC) of the National Academies, where he served from 1990 through 2014 as study director of major projects on public policy and information technology, and Adjunct Senior Research Scholar and Senior Fellow in Cybersecurity (not in residence) at the Saltzman Institute for War and Peace Studies in the School for International and Public Affairs at Columbia University.  These studies include a 2005 study on computational biology (Catalyzing Inquiry at the Interface of Computing and Biology), a 2007 study on privacy and information technology (Engaging Privacy and Information Technology in a Digital Age), a 2007 study on cybersecurity research (Toward a Safer and More Secure Cyberspace), a 2009 study on healthcare informatics (Computational Technology for Effective Health Care: Immediate Steps and Strategic Directions), a 2009 study on offensive information warfare (Technology, Policy, Law, and Ethics Regarding U.S. Acquisition and Use of Cyberattack Capabilities), and a 2010 study on cyber deterrence (Proceedings of a Workshop on Deterring Cyberattacks: Information Strategies and Developing Options for U.S. Policy).  Prior to his NRC service, he was a professional staff member and staff scientist for the House Armed Services Committee (1986-1990), where his portfolio included defense policy and arms control issues.

Marc Lynch
Associate Professor of Political Science, George Washington University and the Elliott School of International Affairs

Marc Lynch is Associate Professor of Political Science at George Washington University and the Elliott School of International Affairs. He received his Ph.D. in 1997 from Cornell University and his BA from Duke University in 1990. He works on international politics, with a specialty on the Middle East. His current research interests focus on the relationship between new media technologies and Islamist movements, public diplomacy, and Arab public opinion. He also runs the popular Middle East politics blog, Abu Aardvark. He is the author of State Interests and Public Spheres: The International Politics of Jordan's Identity, and Voices of the New Arab Public: Iraq, al-Jazeera, and Middle East Politics Today

Suzanne Maloney
Senior Fellow, Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution

Suzanne Maloney is a senior fellow at the Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution, where her research focuses on energy, economic reform and U.S. policy toward the Middle East. Most recently, she was a member of the State Department's Policy Planning Staff, covering Iran, Iraq, the Gulf States and broader Middle East issues. Prior to joining the government, she was the Middle East advisor at ExxonMobil Corporation, where she worked on regional business development, political risk analysis and corporate outreach and communications. Her most recent publication is Iran’s Long Reach: Iran as a Pivotal State in the Muslim World. She was the recipient of an International Affairs Fellowship at the Council on Foreign Relations and has previously served at Brookings as an Olin fellow and a Brookings research fellow.

William McCants
Fellow, Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings

William McCants is a fellow at Brookings in the Center for Middle East Policy and director of its Project on U.S. Relations with the Islamic World. He is also adjunct faculty at Johns Hopkins University and has held various government and think tank positions related to Islam, the Middle East, and terrorism. From 2009-2011, McCants served as a U.S. State Department senior adviser for countering violent extremism. He has also held positions as program manager of the Minerva Initiative for the Department of Defense; an analyst at the Institute for Defense Analyses, the Center for Naval Analyses and SAIC; and a fellow at West Point’s Combating Terrorism Center. He is the founder of Jihadica.com, an academic group blog focused on the global jihadi movement. The blog has been featured on the cover of the New York Times, and described by Wired magazine’s Danger Room as “the gold standard in militant studies.” His latest book is Founding Gods, Inventing Nations: Conquest and Culture Myths from Antiquity to Islam.

John Mearsheimer
R. Wendell Harrison Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science, University of Chicago

John Mearsheimer is the R. Wendell Harrison Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science at the University of Chicago, where he is also Co-Director of the Program on International Security Policy. Professor Mearsheimer has written extensively about security issues and international politics more generally. He has published the following books: Conventional Deterrence, which won the Edgar S. Furniss, Jr., Book Award; Liddell Hart and the Weight of History; The Tragedy of Great Power Politics, which won the Joseph Lepgold Book Prize; and The Israeli Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy, with Stephen Walt. He has also written many articles that have appeared in academic journals like International Security, and popular magazines like The Atlantic Monthly, and a number of op-ed pieces for The New York Times dealing with topics like Bosnia, nuclear proliferation, American policy towards India, and the failure of Arab-Israeli peace efforts. His current work focuses on nationalism and international relations.

Andrew Moravcsik
Professor of Politics and International Affairs, Woodrow Wilson School, Director, European Union Program, Princeton University

Andrew Moravcsik is Professor of Politics and International Affairs at the Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University, where he is Director of the European Union Program. Previously, he held similar positions at Harvard for over a decade. His areas of research include European integration, transatlantic relations, defense-industrial policy, international political economy, international human rights, historical methods, and Asian regionalism, which he researched in Shanghai during the 2007-8 academic year. The American Historical Review called his history of the EU, The Choice for Europe, "the leading work in the field." He is Non-Resident Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution, Contributing Editor at Newsweek magazine, and Book Review Editor (Europe) at Foreign Affairs magazine. He has served in various policy positions, including as a Trade Negotiator for the US government in Washington, and as Special Assistant to the Deputy Prime Minister of South Korea in Seoul.

Malik Mufti
Professor of International Relations in the Middle East, Tufts University

Malik Mufti is a Professor of International Relations in the Middle East at Tufts University. He is the author of Sovereign Creations: Pan-Arabism and Political Order in Syria and Iraq; and Daring and Caution in Turkish Strategic Culture: Republic at Sea; “Jihad as Statecraft: Ibn Khaldun on the Conduct of War and Empire;” and “The Many-Colored Cloak: Evolving Conceptions of Democracy in Islamic Political Thought." His current projects include a study of Ibn Khaldun's concept of asabiyya, and a larger research project on realpolitik in Islamic political thought. He is also a recipient of the Lillian and Joseph Leibner Award for Distinguished Teaching and Advising.

Vipin Narang
Associate Professor, MIT

Vipin Narang is a Mitsui Career Development Associate Professor of Political Science at MIT and a member of MIT’s Security Studies Program. He has been a fellow at Harvard University’s Olin Institute for Strategic Studies, a predoctoral fellow at Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, and a Stanton junior faculty fellow at Stanford University’s Center for International Security and Cooperation. His research interests include nuclear proliferation and strategy, South Asian security, and general security studies. His first book Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era on the deterrence strategies of regional nuclear powers won the 2015 ISA International Security Studies Section Best Book Award. He is currently working on his second book, Strategies of Nuclear Proliferation, which explores how states pursue nuclear weapons.  His work has been published in several journals including International Security, Journal of Conflict Resolution, The Washington Quarterly, and International Organization.

Andrew Natsios
Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University

Andrew Natsios serves on the faculty of the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. From 2001 to 2005, he was the Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Previously, Mr. Natsios served as Director of the Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance and as Assistant Administrator for the Bureau for Food and Humanitarian Assistance (now the Bureau for Humanitarian Response), and Vice President of World Vision. He is a graduate of Georgetown University and Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government. He has written numerous articles on foreign policy and humanitarian emergencies and two books: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1997), and The Great North Korean Famine (U.S. Institute of Peace, 2001).

Kenneth Oye
Director, Political Economy and Technology Program, MIT

Kenneth Oye is Director of the Political Economy and Technology Program at MIT. Professor Oye's research areas include international political economy, American foreign policy, and international relations theory. His books include Economic Discrimination and Political Exchange: World Political Economy in the 1930s and 1980s; Eagle in a New World: American Grand Strategy in the Post-Cold War Era; and Cooperation under Anarchy. His short pieces include chapters and articles for the Institute for International Economics, World Politics, and the Journal of Theoretical Politics. He has taught at Harvard University, Princeton University, and Swarthmore College, has been a Guest Scholar at the Brookings Institution, and has served on the Advisory Committee to the Export-Import Bank. Between 1997 and 1999, he served as Director of Seminar XXI.

Roland Paris
Associate Professor, University of Ottawa

Roland Paris is University Research Chair in International Security and Governance at the University of Ottawa, founding Director of the Centre for International Policy Studies, and Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs. His research interests are in the fields of international security, international governance and foreign policy. Before joining the University of Ottawa in 2006, he was Director of Research at the Conference Board of Canada, the country's largest think tank; foreign policy advisor in the Department of Foreign Affairs and the Privy Council Office of the Canadian government; Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Colorado-Boulder; and Visiting Researcher at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, D.C. He has won two awards for public service and four awards for teaching. Paris' writings have appeared in leading academic journals including International Security and International Studies Quarterly. His book “At War's End: Building Peace After Civil Conflict” (Cambridge University Press, 2004) won the Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving Global Order and the International Studies Association's prize for best book on multilateralism. He has co-edited two other volumes on peacebuilding, and is co-editor of the Security & Governance book series at Routledge. In 2012 Paris was appointed a Global Ethics Fellow by the Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs. He is also a fellow of the Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute, and a member of the board of directors of the World University Service of Canada.

Stewart Patrick
Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations, Director, Program on International Institutions and Global Governance

Suzanne Maloney is a senior fellow at the Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution, where her research focuses on energy, economic reform and U.S. policy toward the Middle East. Most recently, she was a member of the State Department's Policy Planning Staff, covering Iran, Iraq, the Gulf States and broader Middle East issues. Prior to joining the government, she was the Middle East advisor at ExxonMobil Corporation, where she worked on regional business development, political risk analysis and corporate outreach and communications. Her most recent publication is Iran’s Long Reach: Iran as a Pivotal State in the Muslim World. She was the recipient of an International Affairs Fellowship at the Council on Foreign Relations and has previously served at Brookings as an Olin fellow and a Brookings research fellow.

Kenneth Pollack
Senior Fellow, Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution

Kenneth Pollack is a senior fellow in the Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution. He served as the director of the Center from 2009 to 2012, and its director of research from 2002 to 2009. Pollack is an expert on Middle Eastern political-military affairs, with particular emphasis on Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia and the other nations of hte Persian Gulf region. Pollack has twice served on the staff of the National Security Council as director for Near East and South Asian affairs (1995-1996) and as director for Persian Gulf Affairs (1999-2000). His most recent books are Unthinkable: Iran, the Bomb, and American Strategy; A Path Out of the Desert: A Grand Strategy for America in the Middle East; and Which Path to Persia: Options for a New American Strategy Toward Iran.

Daryl Press
Associate Professor of Government, Dartmouth College

Daryl Press is Associate Professor of Government at Dartmouth College. His research focuses on international security and U.S. foreign policy. Dr. Press has written on crisis decision making, the sources of credibility in international politics, the effects of technological change on the future conduct of war, the effects of war on the globalized economy, and U.S. foreign policy alternatives. His recent publications include, “The End of MAD? The Nuclear Dimension of U.S. Primacy,” with Keir Lieber, which appeared in Foreign Affairs; “The Rise of U.S. Nuclear Supremacy,” in Foreign Affairs; and Calculating Credibility: How Leaders Assess Military Threat. His current research centers on the consequences for the Middle East of Iranian nuclear weapons. He has made numerous radio and television appearances, including WBUR’s “On Point” and the BBC’s “The World.”

Gerard Prunier
Independent Consultant on Eastern and Central African Affairs, Former Director of the French Center for Ethiopian Studies, Addis-Ababa

Gerard Prunier is an Independent Consultant on Eastern and Central African affairs and former Director of the French Center for Ethiopian Studies in Addis-Ababa. He received his Ph.D. in African History from the University of Paris in 1981 and joined the Centre National de la Recherché Scientifique in Paris in 1984. Dr. Prunier has done extensive research on Eastern Africa and the Horn of Africa, publishing approximately 120 articles and five books over the past 18 years. He was a key figure in the French Ministry Defense’s crisis unit in Rwanda, which oversaw France’s intervention in Rwanda in Operation Turquoise. His latest publications are The Rwanda Crisis: History of the Genocide; From Genocide to Continental War: The Congolese Conflict and the Crisis of Contemporary Africa; and Darfur: The Ambiguous Genocide.

Robert Ross
Professor of Political Science, Boston College , Research Associate at the Fairbanks East Asian Center, Harvard University

Robert Ross is Professor of Political Science at Boston College and a Research Associate at the Fairbanks East Asian Center at Harvard University. His research focuses on Chinese foreign and defense policy, with an emphasis on Chinese use of force and deterrence strategies, China’s security policy in East Asia, and U.S.-China relations. His current research project examines deterrence dynamics in the Taiwan Strait, the Korean Peninsula, and the South China Sea, and Chinese-American naval competition in East Asia. His books include U.S. China Relations, 1955-1971: A Reexamination of Cold War Conflict and Cooperation; Engaging China: The Management of an Emerging Power; The Great Wall and Empty Fortress: China's Search for Security, with Andrew Nathan with Zhu Feng, eds.; China’s Ascent: Power, Security, and the Future of International Politics; and Chinese Security Policy: Structure, Power, and Politics.

Natan Sachs
Fellow, Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution

Natan Sachs is a fellow in the Center for Middle East Policy at Brookings. His work focuses on Israeli foreign policy, domestic politics, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and U.S.-Israeli relations. He is currently writing a book on Israeli grand strategy and its domestic origins. Sachs has taught on the Arab-Israeli conflict at Georgetown University's Department of Government, and research design for the Security Studies Program at Georgetown. Previously, Sachs was a Fulbright fellow in Indonesia, where his research included an empirical study of the behavioral effects of Islamic and national identities. He was subsequently a Hewlett fellow at Stanford’s Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law.

Richard Samuels
Ford International Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for International Studies, MIT

Richard Samuels is Ford International Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for International Studies at MIT. He is also the Founding Director of the MIT Japan Program. In 2001, he became Chairman of the Japan-US Friendship Commission, an independent, Federal grant-making agency that supports Japanese studies and policy-oriented research in the United States. Dr. Samuels' most recent book is Securing Japan: Tokyo's Grand Strategy and the Future of East Asia. Some of his previous books are: Machiavelli's Children: Leaders and Their Legacies in Italy and Japan, a comparative political and economic history of political leadership in Italy and Japan, which received the 2004 Marraro prize from the Society for Italian Historical Studies, and the 2004 Jervis-Schroeder Prize of the American Political Science Association; Rich Nation, Strong Army: National Security and the Technological Transformation of Japan, winner of the 1996 John Whitney Hall Prize; The Business of the Japanese State: Energy Markets in Comparative and Historical Perspective; and Politics of Regional Policy in Japan

Ben Ross Schneider
Professor, Political Science, MIT

Ben Ross Schneider is a Professor of Political Science at MIT, and his research interests fall within the general fields of comparative politics, political economy, and Latin American politics. His books include Politics within the State: Elite Bureaucrats and Industrial Policy in Authoritarian Brazil, Business and the State in Developing Countries, Reinventing Leviathan: The Politics of Administrative Reform in Developing Countries, and Business Politics and the State in 20th Century Latin America. He also has written on topics such as economic reform, democratization, technocracy, the developmental state, business groups, and comparative bureaucracy.

Adam Segal
Maurice R. Greenberg Senior Fellow in China Studies, Council on Foreign Relations

Adam Segal is the Maurice R. Greenberg Senior Fellow in China Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations. He is an expert on Chinese domestic politics, technology development, foreign policy, and security issues. Dr. Segal currently leads the Council on Foreign Relations study group on Asian innovation and technological entrepreneurship. He previously served as Project Director for a Council Independent Task Force on Chinese military modernization. Dr. Segal’s most recent publication is Digital Dragon: High-Technology Enterprises in China, in additional to articles for The New York Times, Foreign Affairs, The Los Angeles Times, and The Washington Quarterly.

Michael Singh
Managing Director, The Washington Institute, Former Senior Director for Middle East Affairs, National Security Council

Michael Singh is managing director of The Washington Institute and a former senior director for Middle East affairs at the National Security Council. At the White House, Mr. Singh was responsible for devising and implementing strategies on a wide range of Middle East issues, from efforts to prevent Iran's acquisition of nuclear weapons capability, to the Arab-Israeli peace process, to promoting human rights in the region. He served in the NSC for three years, as senior director for Middle East affairs and as director for Iran and for Lebanon, Syria, Egypt, and North Africa. Previously, Mr. Singh served as special assistant to secretaries of state Condoleezza Rice and Colin Powell and was staff assistant to then ambassador Daniel Kurtzer at the U.S. embassy in Tel Aviv. A member of the Harvard International Review's Board of Advisors, Mr. Singh has written extensively on Iran, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and U.S. national security strategy and management. His articles have appeared in the Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, World Affairs, the American Interest, the Economist, Foreign Affairs online, and other publications. He is a regular contributor to ForeignPolicy.com, and appears frequently in national and global media outlets such as Fox News, NBC, CBS, and the BBC.

Emma Sky
Director, Yale University World Fellows, Senior Fellow, Jackson Institute for Global Affairs

Emma Sky is Director of Yale World Fellows and a Senior Fellow at the Jackson Institute for Global Affairs, where she teaches Middle East politics. She is the author of The Unraveling: High Hopes and Missed Opportunities in Iraq. Emma served as advisor to the Commanding General of US Forces in Iraq from 2007-2010; as advisor to the Commander of NATO’s International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan in 2006; as advisor to the US Security Co-ordinator for the Middle East Peace Process in 2005; and as Governorate Co-ordinator of Kirkuk for the Coalition Provisional Authority, 2003-2004. Prior to that, Emma worked in the Palestinian territories for a decade, managing projects to develop Palestinian institutions; and to promote co-existence between Israelis and Palestinians. In addition, Emma has provided technical assistance on poverty elimination, human rights, justice public administration reform, security sector reform, and conflict resolution in the Middle East, South Asia and Africa. Emma has published numerous articles including in the New York Times, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, Politico, Atlantic, Slate, Survival, Center for a New American Security, US Institute of Peace, the Guardian, and the Journal of the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies.

James Stavridis
Dean, The Fletcher School, Tufts University

James Stavridis is the 12th leader of The Fletcher School since its founding in 1933. A retired Admiral in the U.S. Navy, he led the NATO Alliance in global operations from 2009 to 2013 as Supreme Allied Commander. He also served as Commander of U.S. Southern Command, with responsibility for all military operations in Latin America from 2006-2009. A Fletcher PhD, he won the Gullion prize as outstanding student and has published five books and over a hundred articles. His focus is on innovation, strategic communication and planning, and creating security through international, interagency, and public/private partnerships in this turbulent 21st century.

Jomo Kwame Sundaram
Assistant Secretary-General on Economic Development, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations

Jomo Kwame Sundaram is the Assistant Secretary-General on Economic Development in the Department of Economic and Social Affairs at the United Nations. He was formerly Professor in the Applied Economics Department at the University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur. He is Founder and Chair of IDEAs, or International Development Economics Associates. He served on the Advisory Board of the United Nations Research Institute on Social Development (UNRISD). He was President of the Malaysian Social Science Association, and also served on the Pro-tem Committee of the Asian Social Science Association (1980-1984) and the Executive Committee of the International Peace Research Association. Jomo’s extensive writings have covered industrial policy, privatization, rent-seeking, cronyism, financial liberalization, macroeconomic policy impacts, economic distribution, ethnic relations, Islam and Malaysian history. His most recent books include Malaysia’s Political Economy: Politics, Patronage and Profits; Tigers in Trouble: Financial Governance, Liberalization and Crises in East Asia; Rents, Rent-Seeking and Economic Development: Theory and the Asian Evidence; Malaysian Eclipse: Economic Crisis and Recovery; Globalization Versus Development: Heterodox Perspectives; Southeast Asia’s Industrialization: Industrial Policy, Capabilities and Sustainability; Southeast Asia’s Paper Tigers: From Miracle To Debacle And Beyond; Chinese Capitalism in Southeast Asia; and After The Storm: Crisis, Recovery and Sustaining Development in East Asia. 

Caitlin Talmadge
Assistant Professor, Elliott School of International Affairs

Caitlin Talmadge is Assistant Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University. Her research focuses on civil-military relations, military effectiveness, defense policy, nuclear strategy, and Persian Gulf security issues. Dr. Talmadge previously worked at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. She also has previously served as a consultant to the Office of Net Assessment at the U.S. Department of Defense and was named a Next Generation National Security Leader by the Center for a New American Security in 2009. Dr. Talmadge is the author of The Dictator’s Army: Battlefield Effectiveness in Authoritarian Regimes and co-author of U.S. Defense Politics: the Origins of Security Policy. Her other writings have appeared in International Security, Security Studies, The Journal of Conflict Resolution, The Non-Proliferation Review, The Washington Quarterly, The New York Times, and The Washington Post, among other outlets.

Ömer Taşpınar
Professor, U.S. National War College, Director of the Turkey Project, Brookings Institution

Ömer Taşpınar is professor of National Security Strategy at the U.S. National War College and the director of the Turkey Project at the Brookings Institution. Taspinar was previously an assistant professor in the European studies department of the Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), where he is still teaching as adjunct professor. He has held consulting positions at the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Human Rights in Washington, and at the strategic planning department of TOFAS-FIAT in Istanbul. His research focuses on Turkey-EU and Turkish-American relations; European politics; transatlantic relations; Muslims in Europe; Islamic radicalism; human development in the Islamic world; and American foreign policy in the Middle East. Taşpınar is the author of two books: Political Islam and Kurdish Nationalism in Turkey (Routledge, 2005) and Fighting Radicalism with Human Development: Freedom, Education and Growth in the Islamic World (Brookings Press, 2006). Some of his recent publications include: "New Parameters in U.S.-German-Turkish Relations" (AICGS, February 2005); "The Anatomy of Anti-Americanism in Turkey" (Insight Turkey, July-August 2005); "Turkey’s European Quest" (Brookings Analysis Paper, September 2004); "Europe’s Muslim Street" (Foreign Policy, March-April 2003); "An Uneven Fit: The Turkish Model and the Arab World" (Brookings Analysis Paper, August 2003).

James Walsh
Research Associate, Security Studies Program, Center for International Studies, MIT

James Walsh is an expert in international security and a Research Associate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Security Studies Program (SSP). His research and writings focus on international security, and in particular, topics involving nuclear weapons and terrorism. He is one of a handful of Americans who has traveled to both Iran and North Korea for talks with officials about nuclear issues. He acts as terrorism consultant for the NBC affiliate in Boston (WHDH, Ch 7), served as Iraq War analyst for WGBH (PBS, Boston), and regularly appears on Fox, CNN, NPR, and the BBC (over 500 appearances since 2001). The British newspaper, The Independent, named Dr. Walsh and his co-authors as having offered one of the 10 best and original ideas of 2008. He was Executive Director of the Managing the Atom project at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government and a visiting scholar at the Center for Global Security Research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. His recent publications include “Egypt’s Nuclear Future: Proliferation or Restraint?” in Forecasting Proliferation; and “Sanctions Can’t Be the Centerpiece,” in Room for Debate.

Frederic Wehrey
Senior Associate, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Frederic Wehrey is a senior associate in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He focuses on security affairs, civil-military relations, and identity politics in North Africa and the Gulf. Prior to joining Carnegie, he was a senior policy analyst at the RAND Corporation. Wehrey is also a twenty-year veteran of the active and reserve components of the U.S. Air Force, with tours across North Africa and the Middle East, including Iraq, where he earned the Bronze Star in 2003. He is the author of a book exploring Sunni-Shi’a relations in Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait, entitled Sectarian Politics in the Gulf: From the Iraq War to the Arab Uprisings. His most recent Carnegie publications include U.S.-Arab Counterterrorism Cooperation in a Region Ripe for Extremism with Michele Dunne (2014), Ending Libya’s Civil War: Reconciling Politics, Rebuilding Security (2014), and A New U.S. Approach to Gulf Security (2014).

Edward You
Supervisory Special Agent, FBI Weapons of Mass Destruction Directorate

Edward You is a Supervisory Special Agent in the FBI's Weapons of Mass Destruction Directorate, Countermeasures Unit, Bioterrorism Prevention Program. Mr. You is responsible for creating programs and activities to coordinate and improve FBI and interagency efforts to identify, assess, and respond to potential intentional biological threats or incidents. These efforts include expanding FBI outreach to the Biological Sciences community to address biosecurity. Before transferring to the Weapons of Mass Destruction Directorate, Mr. You was a member of the FBI Joint Terrorism Task Force in Los Angeles for four years. Mr. You has also been directly involved in policy-making efforst with a focus on biosecurity. He is an ex officio member of the National Security Advisory COard for Ciosecurity; is an active Working Group member of the National Security Council Interagency Policy Committee on Countering Biological Threats; and was an FBI representative on the Executive Order Working Group on Strengthening Laboratory Biosecurity in the United States. Prior to joining the FBI, Mr. You worked for five years in graduate research on human gene therapy at the Univeristy of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine. He subsequently worked for three years at the biotechnology firm AMGEN Inc. developing cancer therapeutics.

2017-18 ADMISSIONS WILL START FEBRUARY 2017

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2016–2017 SESSIONS

This year's sessions begin with an introduction from Ambassador James Dobbins and move into a range of topics that include Ethnicity, Identity Politics and Civil Wars; Iran, Turkey, and Israel; Realism, Liberalism, and U.S.-China Relations; National Economies in a Globalized World; and more.

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PRESIDENT REIF ON OUR 30TH ANNIVERSARY

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