Beginnings Session Overview

Suzanne Berger, Seminar XXI Program Director and co-founder, at a special Seminar session on China with Secretary of Defense Casper Weinberger in the pentagon, in February 1987

It started with a conversation

Launched officially in 1986, the idea for Seminar XXI grew out of discussions in 1984 between Executive Committee members Mitzi Wertheim and Jake Stewart about how to encourage innovative thinking within the U.S. foreign policy and national security communities. In 1985, MIT became involved with the project under the direction of Professor Suzanne Berger and in 1986 Seminar XXI officially began as an educational experiment for the policy-making community that adapted materials and approaches from several MIT graduate-level courses. The program was designed to provide a unique educational perspective for senior military and civilian officials and to afford an opportunity for frank and challenging exchanges of ideas between policymakers, university scholars, and Seminar XXI Fellows, who represent a wide range of institutions and organizations in the U.S. government.


Hear past and present organizers reflect on over 25 years of the Seminar XXI Program and its impact on the national security policy community.

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